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Homeopathy 4 Health

The alternative medical modality of holistic, natural,

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Hermes once separated two serpents entwined in mortal combat to bring about peace. These serpents were later included in the medical Caduceus as a sign of wellbeing.


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You are viewing: Testimonials & Research - Meta & Systemic Analyses - Level 2

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Meta & Systemic Analyses
of Clinical Research on Humans

In 1991, a meta-analysis was published which involved the meticulous study of 107 trials. The conclusion was clear It is wrong to say that homeopathy has not been evaluated according to the modern method of controlled trials. Among these clinical trials, a large majority (81 to be exact) has had positive results concerning the efficacy of homeopathic treatment.
(Kleijnen J., Knipschild P., Riet G., Clinical trials of homeopathy, British Medical Journal, 1991.)

A similar meta study was conducted in 1996 at the European Parliament's request . It examined the data from trials involving the efficacy of homeopathic medicines in relation to a placebo or to no treatment. Comparisons were retained satisfying all of the experts' requirements, who finally concluded that the number of significant results was clearly not down to chance.
(Boissel J.P., Cucherat M., Haugh M., Gauthier E., Overview of data from homeopathic medicine trials : report on the efficacy of homeopathic interventions over no treatment or placebo, Report to the European Commission, 1996.)

A year later (1997), a meta study involving the analysis of 89 trials was published3 taking close account of the criteria specific to the homeopathic therapeutic method. It concluded that even if evidence of the complete efficacy of homeopathy in the treatment of a single given patient were insufficient, it was impossible that the clinical effects of the homeopathy were exclusively caused by a placebo effect.
(Linde K., Clausius N., Ramirez G., Melchart D., Eitel F., Hedges V.L., Jonas W.B., Are the clinical effects of homeopathy placebo effects ? A meta-analysis of placebo-controlled trials, The Lancet, 1997.)

A further triel by Linde a in 1998 again confirm the original findings that "[t]he results of the available randomized trials suggest that individualized homeopathy has an effect over placebo."
Linde K, Melchart D. Randomized controlled trials of individualized homeopathy: a state-of-the-art review. J Alter Complement Med 1998;4: 371-88.

The Cucherat study in 2000 concludes that "[t]here is evidence that homeopathic treatments are more effective than placebo."

Cucherat M, Haugh MC, Gooch M, Boissel JP. Evidence of clinical efficacy of homeopathy: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. Eur JClin Pharmacol 2000; 56: 27-33.


A systemic analysis of 6 controlled trials concludes Homeopathic remedies appear to work better than a placebo in studies on rheumatoid arthritis
(Jonas, W.B., Linde, K., and Ramirez, G. "Homeopathy and Rheumatic Disease." Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America. 2000. 26(1):117-23.)


The One That Got Away 

In August 2005, the weekly journal The Lancet published a new study on the effectiveness of homeopathy. In its editorial the journal drew some surprisingly controversial and unfavourable conclusions on homeopathy. It concerns a meta analysis which like the 3 previous meta-analyses concludes that homeopathic medicine is effective. In order arrive at the opposite conclusion, the authors implicitly removed trials favourable to homeopathy on the grounds of quality.
For a full, complete and comprehensive debunk of these erroneous conclusions see my defense of homeopathy in Criticisms & Replies.
(Shang A., Egger M.,Are the clinical effects of homeopathy placebo effects ? Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homeopathy and allopathy, The Lancet, august 27, 2005)

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