viewing: Homeopathics - Hyoscyamus
niger - Contemporary - Level 3
Homeopathics - Level 2
Brought to you
Hyoscyamus niger is a remedy for the
more passive psychoses. There certainly can be outbursts of violent
aggression, but usually the patient is mainly occupied with him or
herself. These people are talking nonsense to themselves or to
unseen people, often making automatic gestures like picking at their
clothes such as the behaviour one often sees in old senile
(A remedy of passive psycosis)
The Indian homoeopath Sankaran states that the
underlying basic emotion in Hyoscyamus is the idea that something
unjust has been done as if they have been sold down the river or
betrayed like for example the result of a disappointed love
The underlying disturbance in this remedy picture
which is associated with Sankaran's basic emotion is a severe
jealousy and suspicion. Hyoscyamus projects things upon others and
holds them responsible for the wrongs suffered in their own life.
Their tendency to blame everybody else is the seed for an ever
growing suspicion and paranoia. It can possibly start with the idea
that others are badmouthing them and end with the idea that every
stranger behind a window is trying to kill them. In this great fear
they refuse to take medicines or eat food because it might be
This fear is accompanied by great nervous
restlessness, resulting in spasms, trembling, twitching, convulsions
and constantly repeated movements like picking at bedclothes or
making involuntary gestures in the air.
Another thing is being obsessed with controlling
certain things, like guiding imaginary walking insects on the wall.
Or by sitting on the floor while firmly pressing the feet against a
bathroom door, because the devil and his army would hide behind it -
as one of my patients feared.
When the insanity grows stronger the attention gets
focused on the instinctive sphere. Here comes the erotic mania which
is so characteristic for Hyoscyamus. They are very loquacious
and like to talk dirty. Patients undress and expose their genitals
to anyone; they constantly play with their genitals (it can be a
good remedy for exhibitionists). At the same time they get very
interested in urination and defecation. It can work out in the way
that they continuously speak and joke about sex, urination and
stool. Or they play for hours with their genitals or their stool. Or
they suffer from involuntary loss of urination and stool and sit or
lie in it without conscious notion. (Please note that Hyoscyamus
might also be the right remedy for a child who involuntarily looses
urine or stool without any particular reason! In that case the child
does not need to show any of the mental characteristics of this
Swallowing can be difficult because of a spasm of
the throat muscles.
The tongue and mucous membranes are dry.
They feel worse by lying down, emotions, touch,
jealousy, cold and sleep.
They ameliorate by sitting straight up,
by movement and warmth
Brought to you
name Hyoscyamus Niger) is also known as common, black and hairy
henbane, stinking nightshade, stinking roger, cassilata and
hog's-bean. The Henbanes scientific name is derived from the Greek
terms hys denoting pig and kyamos meaning bean. Therefore it is not
surprising that the toxic plant is safe for consumption by pigs,
while it is harmful for humans. This latter characteristic is
referred to frequently in literature For example Shakespeare "used"
the poison from Hyoscyamus to get Hamlets father murdered, while the
famous American homeopath Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen made use of
Henbane to murder his wife. Henbane belongs to the Solanaceae family
that is native to Eurasia. Later, however, the plant was introduced
to different regions of the world and is now found growing at many
places across the globe.
The Greek physician Dioscorides was the first
individual to recommend the use of Henbane as a painkiller and as a
medication to induce sleep way back in the first century.
Later Homeopathic practitioners found that the plant
possessed certain remedial properties and a medication prepared with
it could be used effectively to treat emotional disorders - both
mental as well as physical disorders. Hahnemanns proving in 1805
established this knowledge and showed that Hyoscyamus could be
effective in treating emotional disorders as well as coughs. The
homeopathic medicine prepared with this plant is known as
medicine prepared from Henbane is an excellent remedy for people
having paranoid characteristics and enduring behavioral problems.
The most common mental symptoms experienced by
Hyoscyamus people include:-
- Delirium/ hallucination
- Paranoia/ suspicion/ jealousy
- Agitated behavior
- Confused state of the mind
- Always murmuring or grumbling
- Indecent or lewd sexual exhibitionism.
- Propensity to laugh out loud at the wrong times
- Feeling of being ostracised to live in their own
- they are often misfits in social
Besides the above mentioned mental conditions
Hyoscyamus patients also exhibit caharacteristic physical
symptomology and is used in prescription to treat physical
disorders associated with:-
- Uncontrolled trembling
- Siezures/ convulsions/ epilepsy
- Febrile convulsion of children
- Parkinsons disease/ schizophrenia particularly when
accompanied by distinct obscenity, withdrawal and laughter at
wrong times and places.
- Bouts of dry coughing.
It has been found that the homeopathic medicine
Hyoscyamus works excellently for people who suffer from paranoia or
suspicious characteristics since their birth. In other words, this
medicine is effective for patients who have inherited paranoid
traits in them. Occasionally, such people may seem to be incoherent
or in a confused state of mind and transform from a keyed up
condition to murmuring to themselves unreasonably or without any
cause. In addition, they also have a tendency to laugh out loud at
the wrong times and find it difficult to socialize with others. They
virtually are ostracised in their own private world.
The homeopathic medicine hyoscyamus is based
on the toxic henbane plant and is prepared making use of the entire
plant. However, the plant needs to be fresh as well as harvested
along with its roots when it is in blossoms. Soon after it is
harvested, the plant is chopped up into fine pieces and drenched in
alcohol for around 10 days. Following this period, the solution is
diluted down and filtered. The product (solution) obtained through
this process is the Hyoscyamus medicine that does not retain any
trace, whatsoever, of the toxic plant.
Traditionally, the plant Henbane was used as
a tranquilizer, analgesic or painkiller and as an anticonvulsant
remedy. The medicine extracted from the plant was known as hyoscine
and, even to this day, is used as an anti-spasmodic in ailments of
the gastro-intestinal tract.
Presently, homeopaths prescribe
Hyoscyamus to treat emotional disorders like paranoid, suspicion and
jealousy. People who benefit most from this homeopathic medicine are
likely to be obsessed with feeling like they are being watched by
somebody or that someone is trying to poison them. In addition, they
may also feel suspicious about others thinking that they are bent on
deceiving or tricking them.
Since its discovery
Hyoscyamus has proved to be very useful for patients suffering from
aggressive mental conditions. It is said to possess the potential to
naturally facilitate the treatment of any type of aggressive
outbursts and any behavior related to the desire to shock. Such an
attitude to shock is most frequently displayed as a desire to become
naked or be seen naked by others. In addition there may also be an
associated feeling of jealousy towards others.
Other uses of
Hyoscyamus include patients who feel they are outsiders to society
or that they have been ostracised into their own private world where
they remain quiet for several hours simply spending their time
sitting in one place or staring fixedly ahead. On other occasions
they may try to break out of their ostracisation and become very
talkative or even animated.
is also prescribed to people suffering from epilepsy; dry and
spasmodic coughs as well as other conditions which may be
accompanied by shuddering, jerking, twitching and cramps.
In fact, this homeopathic medicine is useful for
people suffering from a number of mental and physical disorders.
Below is a brief discussion on the specific conditions that
Hyoscyamus is used for Homeopathically
Since its discovery, Hyoscyamus has
been traditionally used to treat emotional disorders and behavioral
problems and, even to this day, homeopaths recommend this medicine
as a remedy for these conditions. In fact, it has been proved that
Hyoscyamus is very useful for patients suffering from such
conditions. This Homeopathic medicine is said to possess the
potential to naturally facilitate the treatment of any type of
aggressive outbursts and any behavior related to these conditions.
As aforementioned, patients are occasionally likely to be obsessed
or have a desire to become naked or be seen naked by others. This is
because they have a tendency to shock others. In addition, their
desire to go naked may also be associated with a feeling of jealousy
usually experience aggressive outbursts and possess a desire to
shock others with their actions varying from simple stupidity to
unabashed and lewed display of sexuality. Their typical traits
include whims handling their genital organs, masturbation,
undressing and remaining naked, vulgarity or lewdness,
indiscriminating sexual behavior (promiscuity) and/ or an erotic
fixation. Feelings like jealousy are very common in such patients.
In the instance of children, they
usually become jealous with the arrival of a new infant in the
family. Administration of Hyoscyamus has been found to be effective
in treating all such conditions and their
usually associated with this mental condition includes involuntary
twitching, flinching and frowning expressions of the face. Some
patients may be enduring a mania triggered by addictions, fever,
brain injury, or in the instance of women it may be the result of
trauma experienced during childbirth. Such cases have a frequent
desire to urinate but the flow is scanty. Other symptoms commonly
include a continuous shuffling with their hands or picking of the
bed clothes. They are also likely to have seizures, occasionally
accompanied by uncontrolled urination.
Symptoms of mistrust or
suspicion may be inherent in Hyoscyamus patients or set off with a
feeling of jealousy. Typically people enduring such conditions may
have a feeling that they are being watched by others or people may
be trying to trick or deceive them. Worse still, they may have a
feeling as though some people may be trying to poison them.
Patients may have symptoms,
such as dry, tickly and spasmodic coughs. Often the bouts of cough
may seem to be suffocating and set off spasms or convulsions that
are so acute that they may result in doubling over as well as the
patient coughing up blood.
Click for link to originzal
Dr Davendra Kumar
Mundi MD (Homeo)
International Homeopathic Consultant
Hyoscyamus is said to be especially poisonous to fowls: hence
its common name Henbane. Other animals can eat the plant with
impunity particularly pigs which gave rise to its alternative name
of Hog's Bean. However in the case of humans it is toxic.
In old school prescribing Hyoscyamus and Hyoscine
were used in asylum practice with good results in cases of cerebral
depression, acute mania, delirium tremens, febrile delirium and
insomnia. The drug was also employed to stop griping when Aloes etc.
were used for purgation.
Homeopathic provings and experience show its very
definite range of action and its striking resemblance to its natural
relations, Belladonna and Stramonium although it can be easily
distinguished from them.
mental state is really the greatest part of the Hyoscyamus delirium
with illusions and hallucinations all mingled together. There are
several main strands to the mental state of Henbane.
JEALOUSY are prominent in its characteristic as
with Lach, Puls, Nux-v and Stram. The following case study of a
young boy perfectly illustrates these mental attributes. The lad was
mentally deficient among other things and frightfully jealous of the
man his sister was engaged to. Whenever he came to the house the boy
passed his stool into his trousers from excitement and agitation.
Following a dose of Hyoscyamus CM he became much quieter and
although the sister's finance continued to stay in the house he no
longer exhibited signs of jealousy. Suspicious of everybody, of his
wife that she is going to poison him, that she is untrue,. He is
pursued: people have all turned against him.
FEAR particulrly of being poisoned
is a major attribute a characteristic it shares with Bell,
Kali-brom, Lach. and Rhus-t. They even refuse medicine because it is
HALLUCINATION is the third mental
strand in which they carry on conversations with imaginary people
and really imagines that someone is sitting by their side with whom
they are talking. Talks to dead folk: calls up a dead sister or wife
or husband, and enters into conversation as if they were here again
on earth. Another mental state involves lying and looking at the
paper on the wall trying to put the figures into symmetrical rows.
Imagines there are worms, vermin, rats, cats, mice, and tries to
lead them like children.
Finally AGGRESSION may be
demonstrated by Hyos through anger, temper, irritability, hitting,
biting, kicking etc (even though it is the least aggressive of the
DELIRIUM it has its own peculiar features. Like
Bell. it causes and cures cases with increased cerebral activity but
with Hyos. unlike Bell. they are of a non-inflammatory type. One
peculiar symptom belongs pre-eminently to Hyos: the desire to
uncover. Kent explains the desire to go naked of Hyos. in terms of
nerve sensitivity in which the nerves cannot bear clothing to touch
the skin hence necessitating the patient to disrobe. They appear to
be perfectly shameless with no thought of doing anything unusual
they do it simply as a result of hyperaesthesia of the skin. (One
wonders how nudists would react to Hyoscyamus in potency) Additonall
to nakedness Hyoscyamus also exhibits obscenity, violent excitement,
nymphomania, as well as a lascivious mania.
In INSANITY Hyos. may act as a
mountebank, grimacing and making ridiculous gestures, and displaying
a comical alienation of mind or displaying a horrible lascivious
mania all its own.
In FEVERS the Hyos. patients throw
the bedclothes off not because they are too warm but because they
will not remain covered. A keynote for Hyoscyamus in fevers is that
the patient will not remain covered.
A vivid description of Hyos FEVER
was supplied by Hahnemann when he treated 183 patients in
Leipzig (of which not one patient died) during 1813 (the year before
Waterloo). The typhus affectation had progressed to the second stage
of delirium where the patient ceased to complain of their symptoms
but had no desire to drink, did not know whether to take this or
that, did not recognize those about him, abused them, made
irrelevant answers, talked nonsense with open eyes, did foolish
things, wished to run away, cried aloud or whined, unable to say why
they did so, had a rattling in their throat, distorted face, eyes
squinted, played with their hand, behaved like a madman, passed
their excrements unconsciously, etc. When the FEVER
progresses to this stage of delirium and mania Hyoscyamus
niger meets all the indications of the case.
During this second stage the
CHOREIC symptoms of Hyoscyamus become unmistakably
evident. There is a constant state of erythrism: not a single
part of the whole body, nor a solitary muscle in a quiet state for a
moment. All motions are convulsive and spasmic. The Hyoscyamus
CHOREA (unlike the gyratory motions of Stram)
exhibit coarse angular jerks that hurl the patient about making them
an object of pity. Their spasms are such that it makes them appear
to be in danger of turning themselves inside out. Hyoscyamus is full
of convulsions and contractions and trembling and quivering and
jerking of muscles CHORIEAC angular motions
of the arms, etc. The intermingling of jerkings and quivering and
tremblings and weakness and convulsive action of muscles are all
In the EPILEPSY of Hyos. there is
during the fit, a purple face, projecting eyes, shrieks, grinding
teeth and enuresis followed by sopor and snoring. (The Bell.
EPILEPSY has spasms of larynx and clutching at the
throat during the fit. In the EPILEPSY of Stram.
there is risus sardonicus which is a highly characteristic,
abnormal, sustained spasm of the facial muscles that appears to
The HYDROPHOBIA of Hyos is
associated with the production of large quantities of saliva coupled
with an inability to speak or swallow in which the patient has
difficulty swallowing because the throat and jaw become slowly
paralyzed. There is a decided reaction to water in the
HYDROPHOBIC state including fear of water, of
anything that might look like water, shining objects, fire, mirrors,
or even the sound of running water or fluids. (In the Stram
HYDROPHOBIA the patient has a thirst which they
cannot quench but show panic when presented with liquids to drink.)
Although all three nightshade remedies may be
curative for HYDROPPHOBIA according to their
respective symptomology care must be taken (particularly when
treating this condition) not to prescribe too high or too
stimulatory a potency and so kill the patient from the very
condition for which a cure is being sought. Hahnemann writes "In the
homoeopathic employment of medicines, where the totality of the
morbid symptoms have a great similarity to the action of a drug, and
particularly in acute situations, the smallest possible dose should
be administered. This is especially true of the employment of
Belladonna, Stramonium, and Hyoscyamus for
HYDROPHOBIA. Let it not be said, "One of these
three medicines was given in the strongest doses, and not too
seldom, but every two or three hours, and yet the patient died."
That was precisely why the patient died. Had the smallest portion of
a drop of the remedy been administered the patient would have been
easily and certainly saved."
ALTERNATING SYMPTOMS are also a
phenomenon of Hyos particularly with regards to stool, urination and
The calls to stool and frequent evacuation of Henbane
alternate with delayed stool and absence of call. The former is the
principal primary action.
In the case of urination urging to
urinate with scanty flow alternates with copious diuresis from
little or no urging. Once again the former is the principal primary
Finally the sleeplessness of Henbane alternates with
drowsiness and sleep, but sleeplessness seems to be the chief
It is interesting to note that Hyos is not confined
to the treatment of only desperate conditions. It has frequently
brought favourable results in the situation of a very annoying
COUGH characterised by its spasmodic nature in
which there is an incessant cough, cough, cough when the patient
lies down but which disappears immediately upon sitting up. Upon
lying down again the COUGH promptly restarts and
equally quickly ceases upon rising. This symptomology may go on all
night and night after night until treated with Hyos.
DELIRIUM with restlessness - will not
stay in bed - foolish laughter- talks more than usual in an
animatedly hurried manner - silly smiling - laughs at everything -
silly expression - comical mind - performs ludicrous actions like
monkeys - makes ridiculous gestures like a dancing clown -
lies in bed and prattles - mutters and prattles - unable to think -
cannot direct or control thoughts - answers no questions - cannot
bear to be talked to - wants to get up and attend to business -
talks of business - of imaginary wrongs - wants to go
home - picks at bedclothes (carphology).
LASCIVIOUS MANIA - strip themselves
naked - sings amorous songs. lies in bed and prattles. Is
violent, and beats people. Jealousy with rage and delirium: with
attempt to murder. Lascivious mania: uncovers: sings amorous
FEAR of being poisoned - of
being bitten - of being alone - of being injured -
has a dread of water
CONVULSIONS - suffocating spells
during labour and epilepsy - during epileptoid spasms the face is
purple, eyes project- shrieks - grinds teeth - urinates - daily
attacks so violent it seemed as if their spine or joints would be
SLEEPLESSNESS - long-continued
sleeplessness on account of mental inactivity - inability to sleep
the whole night - tossing on one side and then the other - unable to
get quiet - starts from sleep as if in a fright - intense
sleeplessness of irritable, excitable, persons as a result of
business embarrassments (often imaginary).
AGGRESSION - violent - beats
people - jealous rage even with attempt to murder.
- of the throat making swallowing difficult -
tongue red or brown, dry, cracked, hard, looks like burnt
leather - foam at mouth - sordes - grinding the
- of audatory nerve causing deafness
- of gastrointestinal tract necessitating much
urging for stool and urination.
COUGH at night - incessant,
frequent and dry - wakes them up - must sit up for relief.
Strange, Rare &
LOQUACITY They babble
out almost everything a sensible person would have kept quiet about
all his life - reproaches himself and others - complains of the
injustice that he imagines has been done to him (Staph.) -
continuously describes the grief suffered as a result of a faithless
lover - such jealousy and anger results in serious illness -
bites the tongue when talking - motions of the tongue impaired
resulting in numbness and garbled speech - suffers loss of speech
after a fright
PARTIAL PARALYSIS of tongue
affecting speech - of throat resulting in the inability to swallow
liquids - of sphincter muscles causing involuntary stool and
urination - inability to control locomotor muscles causing them
to bump into everything in their path - appearance of
CHOREA Every muscle of the body
twitches and jerks from the eyes of the toes. Stupid expression -
makes grimaces (risus sardonicus).
AGGRESSION Rushes at people with
knives - strikes and tries, to murder those he meets - peculiar fear
of being bitten by beasts - in despair wishes to take his life, and
throw himself into water - after a fit of passion is overtaken by a
sudden fear - they become so timorous as to hide themselves in
any corner - wish to run away and hide
INAPPROPRIATE ACTIONS -
dresses up in a priest's cassock which is put on over nothing but a
shirt, and fur boots - he wishes to go to church in order to preach
and to perform clerical offices - furiously attacks those who try to
prevent him - throws bedclothes off not because they are too
warm but because they do not wish to remain covered - desires to be
naked (hyperaesthesia of cutaneous nerves)
SENSATIONS Frequent looking at her
hands because they seem too large - fingers feel too thick -
feels a if teeth would fall out - brain feels too loose - swashing
like water in the head - must shake head to and fro - all
objects look red