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to News & Views - Level 1
Do you wish to find
out the all very latest additons to this web site
having to trawl labourously through each knowledge
Then left click this
You will be prsented with a
providing you with
Title of the addition which acts also as
Hyperlink connecting you to the the full article and
- A content
Click the More button below
What is RSS?
Nowadays depending on who you ask, RSS stands for
'Really Simple Syndication' or 'Rich Site Summary.' Originally the
acronym started life as "RFD Site Summary". An acronym within an
acronym just to confuse everyone where RDF stood for "Resource
Description Framework ".
However call it what you
like RSS is a quick way to obtain information about new updates
on a web site. It avoids the necessity of having
to trawl all through a site in an attempt to find out whats
- The web site creates a separate page containing a
list of updates in chronological order
- Each separate update
listed is called an RSS feed.
on a web site indicates an RSS "feed".
- Usually each "feed"
is formatted in a standard way which involves a Headline, a
description of up to 4 lines in smaller font and finally the date
(and time) of insertion. The Headline is usually in blue and acts
as a hyperlink to the full article on the originating web
site much like the example below.
Example of RSS
& Views - Homeopathy 4 Health is now Syndicated with
Thu, 03 Sep 2009 16:17:39 GMT (18.0
Have you ever wished to find
out the all very latest additions to a web site (without
having to trawl labourously through each knowledge base)? Now
its possible through RSS. It only takes a click of the mouse
to obtain a listing of Titles, Description and Hyperlink of
each new posting in chronological
Monographs - Clean X Handwash Code
Thu, 03 Sep 2009 15:54:36 GMT (18.4
Details and visual aids of
the 13 steps associated with The Clean X Code Handwash Code
including:1. Preparation, 2. Wetting, 3. Lathering, 4.
Backing, 5. Webbing, 6. Fisting, 7. Nailing, 8. Rinsing, 10.
Turning, 11. Disposing, 12. Creaming, 13. Postscripting.
Remember to do the Clean x Handwash properly will take
between 1 - 2 mins depending on how dirty your hands were to
Monographs - Clean X Handwash Science
Thu, 03 Sep 2009 15:48:27 GMT (18.5
It may be surprising to
discover that even in this scientific age the single most
important thing we can do to protect ourselves, our families
and to help prevent the spread of H1N1 Flu virus epidemic
Swine Flu is simply good old fashion Hand Washing.
has been conclusively shown that efficient hand washing can:-
Minimise the spread of influenza, Prevent diarrhoea, Help
avoid respiratory infections and Reduce infant deaths at home.
Homeopathics - List revised and extended
Thu, 03 Sep 2009 13:14:59 GMT (21.1
Materia Medica data for a
selection of Homeopathic remedies including Dr Peter's Tabular
Materia Medica containing details of remedy source, history,
symptoms, mentals, generals, particulars, modalities, clinical
uses, and constitutional prescribing. Further reading links
are also provided as well as a selection of comment from
classical and contemporary sources.
include:- Aconite (Acon)
Allium-cep (All-c), Ambra (Ambr),
Anacacardium (Anac), Antimonium-tar (Ant-t), Lycopodium
(Lyco), Argentum-nit (Arg-n), Arsenicum-alb (Ars), Aurum-met
(Aur), Avena-sat (Aven-s), Passiflora (Pass), Baryta-carb
(Bar-c), Belladonna (Bell), Bellis-per (Bell-p) , Bryonia
(Bry), Bufo (Bufo), Calendula (Calen), Cantharis (Canth),
China (Chin), Colchicum (Colch),
China (Chin), Colchicum
(Colch), Ferrum-phos (Ferr-p)
- Not all "feeds" use the above format. Although
blogs are written in chronological order of entry just like a
"feed" some bloggers still use RSS to
facilitate the Visitor who follows several blogs in seeing
which blog has updated without the requirement of visiting
each blog individually. In this case the originating blogger
usually syndicates the "feed" in the same format as their blog
is written (ie in full unsummarised form).
the "feed" has been written up by the website or blogger
it is then syndicated to an RSS Reader site using standard File
Transfer Protocol (FTP).
- The RSS Reader site maintains
all the "feed" updates from the web site or blog together
with all the update "feeds" from every other
How to Use
There are two ways the Visitor can access
an RSS feed
- One is by clicking the red RSS logo on any web
site displaying the
A click will
at once take the Visitor to the RSS Reader site where a full list of
"feeds" will be displayed for that particular web site.
However a disadvantage of this method is that the Visitor has to
first enter each individual web site separately in order to click
their respective RSS
- The second method
gets round this restriction. Here the Visitor subscribes (usually
free) to an RSS Reader site where all the "feeds" for every
syndicated web site is available for
view. A click on any site of choice displays a full list of
Where can I find the RSS
Logo can be found at the top of the first page of the
following Knowledge Base
do I need to use an RSS Reader?
RSS feeds are written in XML (Extensible Mark-Up
Language) for which an RSS Reader is required.
is not compatible with the web site reader which reads HTML
(Hyper Text Mark-Up Language).
With Acknowledgements to
Garden and ListGarden which are registered trademarks
Software Garden, Inc.
Copyright 2004 Software Garden,
A basic tutorial introduction to RSS
feeds and aggregators for non-technical people
RSS stands for "Really Simple Syndication".
It is a way to easily distribute a list of headlines, update
notices, and sometimes content to a wide number of people. It is
used by computer programs that organize those headlines and notices
for easy reading.
problem does RSS solve?
Most people are
interested in many websites whose content changes on an
unpredictable schedule. Examples of such websites are news sites,
community and religious organization information pages, product
information pages, medical websites, and weblogs. Repeatedly
checking each website to see if there is any new content can be very
Email notification of changes was an
early solution to this problem. Unfortunately, when you receive
email notifications from multiple websites they are usually
disorganized and can get overwhelming, and are often mistaken for
RSS is a better way to be notified of new
and changed content. Notifications of changes to multiple websites
are handled easily, and the results are presented to you well
organized and distinct from email.
RSS works by having the website author
maintain a list of notifications on their website in a standard way.
This list of notifications is called an "RSS Feed". People who are
interested in finding out the latest headlines or changes can check
this list. Special computer programs called "RSS aggregators" have
been developed that automatically access the RSS feeds of websites
you care about on your behalf and organize the results for you. (RSS
feeds and aggregators are also sometimes called "RSS Channels" and
Producing an RSS feed is very simple and
hundreds of thousands of websites now provide this feature,
including major news organizations like the New York Times, the BBC,
and Reuters, as well as many weblogs.
information does RSS provide?
RSS provides very
basic information to do its notification. It is made up of a list of
items presented in order from newest to oldest. Each item usually
consists of a simple title describing the item along with a more
complete description and a link to a web page with the actual
information being described. Sometimes this description is the full
information you want to read (such as the content of a weblog post)
and sometimes it is just a summary.
For example, the RSS information for
headlines on a local news website could contain the following
Description: The city awarded the
sidewalk contract to Smith Associates. This hotly contested
deal is worth $1.2 million.
Title: Governor to visit
Description: The governor is scheduled to visit the
city on July 1st. This is the first visit since the election
two years ago. The mayor is planning a big reception.
The RSS information is placed into a
single file on a website in a manner similar to normal web pages.
However, the information is coded in the XML computer language for
use by a program (the RSS aggregator) and not by a person like a
normal web page.
Think of an RSS aggregator as
just a web browser for RSS content. RSS aggregators automatically
check a series of RSS feeds for new items on an ongoing basis,
making it is possible to keep track of changes to multiple websites
without needing to tediously read and re-read each of the websites
yourself. They detect the additions and present them all together to
you in a compact and useful manner. If the title and description of
an item are of interest, the link can be used to quickly bring the
related web page up for reading.
Here is a screen shot of an RSS
aggregator in action. On the left is a list of the RSS feeds being
monitored, along with an indication of the number of unread items in
each feed in parenthesis. On the right are the details of the most
recent items in a selected RSS feed (in this case, the New York
There are many RSS aggregators available.
Some are accessed through a browser, some are integrated into email
programs, and some run as a standalone application on your personal
How do I
find out if a website has an RSS feed?
getting more and more common for websites to have RSS feeds. They
usually indicate the existence of the feed on the home page or main
news page with a link to "RSS", or sometimes by displaying an orange
button with the letters "XML" or "RSS". RSS feeds are also often
found via a "Syndicate This" link. Text "RSS" links sometimes (there
are lots of variations) point to a web page explaining the nature of
the RSS feeds provided and how to find them. The buttons are often
linked directly to the RSS feed file itself.
Once you know the URL of an RSS feed, you
can provide that address to an RSS aggregator program and have the
aggregator monitor the feed for you. Many RSS aggregators come
preconfigured with a list to choose from of RSS feed URLs for
popular news websites.
the RSS feed file produced?
Unless you are
maintaining a website or want to create your own RSS feed for some
other purpose, how the RSS feed is produced should not be of concern
and you may skip this section.
The special XML-format file that makes up
an RSS feed is usually created in one of a variety of ways.
Most large news websites and most weblogs
are maintained using special "content management" programs. Authors
add their stories and postings to the website by interacting with
those programs and then use the program's "publish" facility to
create the HTML files that make up the website. Those programs often
also can update the RSS feed XML file at the same time, adding an
item referring to the new story or post, and removing less recent
items. Blog creation tools like Blogger, LiveJournal, Movable Type,
and Radio automatically create feeds.
Websites that are produced in a more
custom manner, such as with Macromedia Dreamweaver or a simple text
editor, usually do not automatically create RSS feeds. Authors of
such websites either maintain the XML files by hand, just as they do
the website itself, or use a tool such as Software Garden, Inc.'s
ListGarden program to maintain it. There are also services that
periodically read requested websites themselves and try to
automatically determine changes (this is most reliable for websites
with a somewhat regular news-like format), or that let you create
RSS feed XML files that are hosted by that service provider.
Here is a diagram showing how the
websites, the RSS feed XML files, and your personal computer are
The diagram shows a web browser being
used to read first Web Site 1 over the Internet and then Web Site 2.
It also shows the RSS feed XML files for both websites being
monitored simultaneously by an RSS Feed Aggregator.
In addition to notifying you about news
headlines and changes to websites, RSS can be used for many other
purposes. There does not even have to be a web page associated with
the items listed -- sometimes all the information you need may be in
the titles and descriptions themselves.
Some commonly mentioned uses are:
Notification of the arrival of new products
in a store
Listing and notifying you of newsletter issues,
including email newsletters
Weather and other alerts of changing
Notification of additions of new items to a database,
or new members to a group
One RSS aggregator is all that you need
to read all of the RSS feeds, be they headlines, alerts, changes, or
other notifications. RSS is shaping up to be a very popular and
useful means for communicating.