Homeopathy 4 Health

The alternative medical modality of holistic, natural,

safe, individualised, side-effect-free and affordable health care

Hermes once separated two serpents entwined in mortal combat to bring about peace. These serpents were later included in the medical Caduceus as a sign of wellbeing.



















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You are viewing History & Basis - Level 1

History & Basis of Homeopathy
"Natural is all about
getting back to BASICS and to our real self"
Darina Stoyanova
Visionary Creator, Holistic Imagineer & Integral Artivist

History of Homeopathy
 Homeopathy - Its Founder (1755 - 1843)
Homeopathy - The Ebb (1930 - 1980)
 Homeopathy - The Flow (1980 - to date)

Basis of Homeopathy
Homeopathy - Its 3 Natural Laws 
The Law of Similars 
The Law of Potentisation 

The Law of Holism  
Homeopathy - Remedy Preparation

Philosophy of Homeopathy  
The Organon of Medicine
  The Vital Force
  The Homeopathic Concept of Disease
  Homeopathy and Disease Suppression
  Homeopathy and Palliation
  Hering's Law of Cure
  The Hierarchy of Symptoms
The Similimum   
Constitutional Prescribing
  Homeopathic Aggravation
The Healing Crisis
Avogadro's Hypothesis & Nano Moleculars

History of Homeopathy
"No great man lives in vain.
The HISTORY of the world is but the biography of great men."
Thomas Carlyle.  
1795-1881, Scottish Philosopher, Author 

Homeopathy - Its Founder (1755 - 1843)

Dr Friedrich Christian Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, was born in 1755 at Meissen a town in the East German state of Saxony. Meissen was world famous for its porcelain and it was at this factory, situated within the Albrecht castle, that Samuel's father worked as an artist. The town itself lies on both sides of the Elbe river valley with picturesque high gabled roofs ascending wooded slopes from the narrow river basin. Its fine 13th century Gothic style Frauenkirche cathedral which together with the Albrecht castle remain essential visitor attractions to this day.  
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Hahnemann graduated in medicine in 1779 and embarked upon a campaign of medical reform a theme which was to endure throughout his life. His radical views often brought him into conflict with the medical authorities to such an extent that he became an itinerant moving from town to town to avoid  the dire consequences threatened him were he to remain. In such circumstances a regular medical practice was not possible and so he eked out a marginal existence translating medical texts from one or other of the eleven languages in which he was proficient.

It was in 1790 whilst translating the work of an English doctor William Cullen on the efficacy of Chincona (Peruvian bark) as a treatment for malaria that he stumbled across what was eventually to become the Homeopathic Law of Similars. Hahnemann "experimented" on himself by taking some tincture of Peruvian bark and found to his amazement that he actually developed the symptoms of malaria. Furthermore these symptoms appeared each time he took the preparation and only disappeared upon cessation. What was so amazing was that the remedy he was taking was known to treat malaria but on these occasions it was causing the appearance of malarial symptoms.
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Hahnemann had in fact divined a hitherto undiscovered law of nature. Simply stated this was that a remedy which causes specific symptoms of illness when given to a healthy person will cure similar symptoms of illness when administered to a sick person. That is in the Latin phrase of the time "Similar similibus curentur" or "Let like be treated with like".

However it was not until some 20 years later in 1810 at the age of 55 that Hahnemann launched his new system of medicine upon the world - called Homeopathy from the Greek "homoios" for similar and pathos for suffering - with the publication of his first Organon of Medicine - a detailed account of the principles and treatment of the new medical science. This date is generally accepted as the birthday of Homeopathy.

Surprisingly the book's publication received only mild attention and little or no criticism. Perhaps the medical establishment regarded it as of no consequence. As a result Hahnemann was able to open a new course on Homeopathy at Leipzig University in 1812 which attracted a few curious students. This humble beginning received great publicity a year later when Hahnemann  homeopathically treated many of the 80,000 injured from the battle of Leipzig with remarkable success compared to that of conventional medicine.
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By 1820 Hahnemann was something of a celebrity with his medical ideas recognized in many quarters. However there was a seat of formidable opposition from the apothecaries whose businesses was greatly diminished. They were remunerated on the basis of the quantity of drug sold whilst homeopathy employed potentised remedies containing very little drug. As a result of this the apothecaries were seriously out of pocket. The upshot was the enactment of a new law which forbade the self dispensing of a medication by a physician and directed that all dispensing should be only through apothecaries. This obviously dramatically affected Hahnemann's practice and as a result he left his practice and the University of Leipzig in 1821 in favour of nearby Kothen where there was no such law.

After the turmoil of Leipzig life at Kothen was pastoral, quiet and peaceful. Perhaps it was this natural environment which some 100 years earlier had inspired Johann Sebastian Bach and which also inspired Hahnemann to keep a low political profile throughout his stay there. He nevertheless maintained a ferocious work output with a busy practice 24/7 and a faithful band of some 47 provers who together with himself established the symptoms for some 200 homeopathic remedies. It was also during this period that he published the 3rd, 4th, and 5th editions of his Organon of Medicine.

Following the death of this wife Johanna in 1830 he was looked after by Charlotte, his one remaining unmarried daughter from 11 children, and Louise a divorced daughter. However life at Kothen was about to take a dramatic turn for at the age of 79 he fell in love with Melanie d'Hervilly a young Parisian socialite who had originally attended him on health grounds. A year later in 1835 he left for Paris with his young wife never again to return to Saxony.

Hahnemanns remarkable success with homeopathy in Paris coupled with Melanie's flair, personality and ambitious drive proved to be an irresistible combination. She had plucked him from well earned retirement to give him a new lease of life and he revelled in the cause. Life at Rue de Milan was comfortable and luxurious with servants and valets, large well decorated rooms with fine paintings and convivial company. Fortune had smiled on his last days. He wrote to a friend at the time "I am so happy in my present position as I never was before during my whole life. I have a highly educated wife who loves me..."

Samuel Hahneman died peacefully in 1843 at the age of 88 with Melanie by his side. However fate had still a final twist in the saga. Melanie's actions following his death seemed irrational and extraordinary. The body was kept for 14 days in the house and no public announcement of the death was ever made. Finally the burial took place quietly in a public grave in Montmarte cemetery. It was not until 1898  (55 years later) that his friends obtained permission to exhume the body and transfer it to the renowned Pere Lachaise cemetery where a suitable monument was also erected to the founder of Homeopathy.

Additionally Melanie had forbidden the publication of  Hahnemann's 6th edition of the Organon of Medicine which he had just completed before his death and decribed by himself as the most perfect edition of all. It was not however until 1921 (some 78 years later) that it was first published and the world saw for the first time Hahnemanns new Homeopathic thinking. By then a lot of water had flowed under the Homeopathic bridge. Who knows what the course of Homeopathy would have been had the work seen the light of day upon completion. But the telling of that is for another story and another day.

For more information about the life and letters Dr Samuel Hahnemann click the hyperlink below.

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Homeopathy - The Ebb & Flow

The Ebb of Homeopathy (1930-1980)
From humble beginnings in 1810 Homeopathy flourished and became established throughout the world. During the middle fifty years of the twentieth century, however, the fortunes of Homeopathy declined significantly. Reasons for this can be attributed to:

The Wonder Drug Revolution
The discovery of penicillin in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming caused drug companies throughout the world to embark upon lavish research programmes to discover similar alternative medications with the same promise of instant cure. Thus were spawned the sulphonamides, barbiturates and amphetamines all of which held the promise of miracle workers especially when contrasted with homeopathic remedies.

Lack of Funding
At a time when there seemed no limit to the spending of rival pharmaceutical companies there was a total lack of funding for homeopathy. Its simple preparations and procedures failed to attract investors competing for the glamour of a large scale drug manufacturing industry and its associated high advertising spend. This disparity inevitably contributed to the stagnation of homeopathy.

Lack of Homeopathic Research
Homeopathy in the face of such opposition failed to show any dynamism of its own. Reliance was on original thought and philosophies handed down from Hahnemann with little attention to the discovery of new remedies, provings, philosophies and posologies.

Internal Homeopathic Discord
Instead of presenting a united front to adversity Homeopathy was hopelessly disunited. There was a schism between the advocates of the then conventional low potency prescribing with that of the new Kentian high potency constitutional approach brought over from America by Skinner, Tyler, Clarke and others. This resulted in a loss of public confidence and an environment in which critics could prosper.

Exclusion from Medical Curriculum
In the UK Homeopathy has never enjoyed the support of being included as a subject in the medical curriculum of universities and colleges. Graduating medical students were therefore largely unaware of homeopathy, its role and importance.

Lack of Own Training Facilities
In addition there were no equivalent Homeopathic training facilities at which new entrants could be systematically taught and educated to provide a transparent Homeopathic qualification the public could have confidence in.

The Implacability of the Opposition
The ferocity of the opposition which failed to see any redeeming virtue in Homeopathy is something hard to imagine. Some of the reasons driving this mind set could have been:
- Homeopathy was the first serious threat the established medical profession had experienced and it drew a fierce and united hostility by way of response.
- Hahnemann's own attitude of pouring scorn on all things allopathic only helped to fan the flames of opposition.
- Conventional medicine was based on material doses. This was in direct opposition to the basis of Homeopathys minimum dose philosophy. The whole concept was anathema to them
- When later high potency constitutional prescribing came to the fore the critics incredulity increased to fever pitch. Such wholly unscientific Homeopathic methods must surely be quackery and be stamped out before lasting damage was sustained.
- The whole individualistic approach of Homeopathy was also anathema to the medical profession with its rigid conformity to the accepted practice of diagnosis and fixed treatments.
- There was opposition from the apothecaries and pharmacies too although mainly on economic rather than scientific grounds. None the less when ones economic base is threatened resistance is naturally strong and stubborn. Their fears centred on the fact that they levied charges based on a drugs medicinal content. The higher the medicinal content the higher the charge. Since Homeopathic remedies were potentised their charge would be minuscule and thus their whole economic base would be eroded.
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The Flow of Homeopathy (1980 - to date)
From the early 80s the fortunes of Homeopathy revived and continues to do so right up to the present when there is something of a renaissance. Again reasons for this can be attributed to:

Iatrogenic Drug Effects
The publics increasing concern with the number of drugs being withdrawn or banned because of toxic effects. Unquestionably the rush by pharmaceutical companys to find new and better medications has led to faulty and incomplete research. The last 39 years from 1980 has seen 35 major drug withdrawals from Ticrynafen in 1980 (due to potential risk of hepatitis) to the world wide withdrawal of Limircoxib in 1980 (for liver damage). In addition many more drugs have received partial or limited withdrawals.

Drug Resistance
The over use and prescription abuse of drugs had lead increasingly to resistance by disease organisms.
Increasing Drug Prescription Levels
The answer to drug resistance by many physicians has been to increase drug levels or combine several antimicrobials in an effort to increase effectiveness.

Drug Addiction
Increasing evidence of the addictive nature of many prescribed drugs associated with acute withdrawal symptoms.

A Fading Image
A realisation that the new drug age which promised to usher in a disease free society is not being fulfilled especially with regard to viral infections on which their effect is extremely limited.

Increasing Public Health Awareness
Along with improved living standards is the desire for improved fitness and wellbeing the satisfaction of which creates a propensity to explore new and alternative methods of attainment.

Desire for Disease Prevention
Coupled with the desire for improved health and fitness is the requirement for disease prevention. Apart from vaccination conventional medicine is singularly lacking in this area. Alternative medicine with its emphasis on stimulation of the natural immune function is ideally placed.

Urban Stress
Life in modern society cerates stresses and strains hitherto unknown. There is a general requirement on the part of the public for a more naturalistic medical approach in this area without resort to deep acting psychotic drugs.

Backlash against Drug Research on Animals
Animal rights and anti vivisectionists members of the public are increasingly voicing their concerns. The whole area of medications and cosmetics based on non animal testing has come to the fore.

Desire for Personalised Treatment
The modern computer age has led to a certain dehumanisation of society. As a consequence there is a preference for individual recognition rather than for a treatment which simply hands out a mechanistic prescription. 

High Cost of Drugs
Although national health services "mask" the true cost of medication to the consumer there is an increasing awareness of value especially when set against uncontrolled spiraling drug costs. Natural remedies at a fraction of drug costs have their appeal.

Lengthy Waiting Lists
Mainly as a result of lack of funds (exacerbated by the high cost of drugs) many conditions have a long treatment waiting time. Again, complementary medicine offered in a personalised and prompt manner is a practical and affordable alternative.

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Basis of Homeopathy
"Attitude is your acceptance of NATURAL LAWS,
or your rejection of them."

Jim Rohn
Speaker,philosopher & entrepeneur

Homeopathy - Its 3 Natural Laws

Although Homeopathy is only 2 centuries old in another sense it could be said to be as old as time itself. The father of medicine Hippocrates stated around 400BC "By similar things a disease is produced and through the application of the like it is cured" This could be said to be the first recorded statement of the Homeopathic Law of Similars. Later Aristotle confirmed this thinking as well as Paracelcus when in 1500AD the latter wrote "Same must be cured with same".
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1. The Law of Similars
Hahemann's definition was

"Every medicine which, among the symptoms it can cause in a healthy body, reproduces those most present in a diseased person, is capable of curing that disease in the swiftest, most thorough and enduring fashion."

This concept was first published in an article by Hahnemann in 1796 as it transpired the same year as the English physician Edward Jenner published his own thesis on immunisation. A remarkable coincidence considering that the two men had never met and did not know of each other.
Hahnemann explained the principal of the Law of Similars  when he stated

"In homeopathic cure the individuals vital force which has been vitally untuned by natural disease is taken over by a somewhat stronger artificial disease through the administration of the potentised remedy that has been accurately chosen for the similarity of its symptoms....Thus the more similar the symptoms of a drug resemble that of the disease the greater will be the vital force exerted by the drug on the disease and the more dynamic its action."

For more information on the Law of Similars click the hyperlink below

The Homeopathic journey

Journey 1
1. The Law of Similars

Dr Peter Darashah

The Law of Similars

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2.The Law of Potentisation
Having carried out homeopathic provings with many remedies on healthy people Hahnemann next needed to establish each respective dose rate. The initial provings were done using mother tincture but as most remedies were poisons a way had to be found to obviate the toxic element whilst at the same time maintaining the curative properties. Hahnemann discovered that by serially diluting the mother tincture combined with succussion not only were the toxic properties lost but the therapeutics were enhanced. This process of dilution and succession of the mother tincture became known as potentisation.
Validation of the Law of Potentisation was carried out by Arndt & Schultz over a century ago in 1888 using yeast as a medium. The Arndt-Shultz Law summarizes experiments which measure the physiological response of a living organism to a stimulus. It says a small amount of a chemical or electrical or laser or other stimulus will increase physiological activity, a large amount of the same stimulus will kill cells of the organism, whilst an intermediate amount will inhibit physiological activity. In brief: the physiological response reverses direction when the stimulus changes from small (weak) to large (strong), and vice-versa. A more recent example of the Arndt-Shultz Law in action is the 1944 observation that a large dose of penicillin will kill a Staphylococcus infection, while a small dose will stimulate its growth.

For more information on the Arndt & Schultz Law click the hyperlink below

The Homeopathic journey

Journey 2
1. The Law of Potentisation

Dr Peter Darashah


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3. The Law of Holism
It is clear therefore that only the closest possible symptom match between the presenting symptoms of a remedy as observed upon a healthy individual with that of the presenting symptoms of the sick patient will affect a cure. It is beholden on the physician therefore to accurately determine all the presenting symptoms of the patient in order to arrive at the correct remedy prescription. For this to be achieved accurately it further follows that the totality of the patients symptoms must be obtained. That is not only must consideration be given to the patient's local physical symptoms but holistically his mental and emotional symptoms must also match those of the drug. Thus the Law of Holism is an intrinsic extension to the Law of Similars. Hahnemann expressed the relationship as "A single symptom is no more the whole disease than a single foot is the whole person." Another great homeopath Kent wrote "The totality of symptoms is the essential of a disease. It is all that enables the physician to individualise between disease and remedy."
Click button for more information about Holism & Individualisation.
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Homeopathy - Remedy Preparation

Any material which has the capability of producing disease like symptoms in a healthy person is capable of becoming a homeopathic remedy. Currently there are some 4-5000 proven remedies available for selection with more being added all the time. The sources of these remedies are:
i) Plant - This is the largest group of remedies and accounts for about 60% of all remedies. Remedies are derived from shrubs, vegetables, fruits, seeds, flowers etc. Parts used may vary and may include bark, stem, bud,  root, seed etc as the case may be.

ii) Animal These remedies are from animal tissues or their discharges and includes land animals, snakes, spiders, marine animals etc

iii) Mineral - All mineral types both water soluble and non soluble are used.

iv) Biologic - This group really falls into the Animal Kingdon category but have been shown separately here for sake of clarity.They are the smallest numerical grouping accounting for up to about 10% of the total and are prepared from specific tissue extracts with Isodes being preparations of healthy or diseased tissue from the patient themselves whilst Sarcodes are remedies from the healthy tissue of slaughtered animals.  Finally Nosodes (by far the largest grouping of biologicals) are preparations of diseased tissue from sources other than the patient.

Preparation of Mother Tincture
The objective in the case of water soluble remedies is to produce a mother tincture and in the case of insoluble remedies a trituration.

The production of a mother tincture in the case of soluble remedies involves the following steps:
i) Maceration - a grinding process of liquification

ii) Extraction - in which the remedy liquor is extracted with alcohol

iii) Filtration - in which the extracted liquor is separated from all debris

There is no mother tincture to prepare in the case of insoluble remedies and consequently the first step in their preparation is that of potentisation.

Potency Dilution
i) Hahnemannian Method -
This is still the main method used today and consists of diluting a measured aliquot of the mother tincture in a separate vial with 9 parts of alcohol/water. followed by succussion. In this method the 1 part is volumetrically measured into a new vial for each dilution/succession sequence. (Sometimes an H is added at the end of the remedy nomenclature to indicate use of the Hahnemannian method of dilution. Thus 30CH means the remedy has been potentised to 30 centesimal dilutions using the Hahnemanian method).

Hahnemannian method of dilution

ii) Korsakovian Method - Similar to the Hahnemannian method except that the mother liquor is not strictly measured out. The dilution vial is just emptied out and a further 9 parts of alcohol added. It is assumed that the residue sticking to the side of the empty vial is adequate. Succussion after each dilution is as before. This method is therefore much quicker and uses only a single diluting vial. (Sometimes a K is added at the end of the remedy nomenclature to indicate use of the Kosakovian method of dilution. Thus 20CK means the remedy has been potentised to 200 centesimal dilutions using the Kosakovian method).

Dilution Hahnemannian Method

Skinner Method - Basically this is a mechanical machine method designed to work in the doctors surgery from tap water pressure and is based more or less on the Korsavokian principle. It is ideal for the manufacture of high potencies such as CM and MM. (Sometimes an S is added at the end of the remedy nomenclature to indicate use of the Skinner method of dilution. Thus CMS means the remedy has been potentised to 100,000 centesimal dilutions using the Skinner method).
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In the case of insoluble materials potentisation is achieved by

iii) Trituration - where the remedy is reduced to a fine powder or dust with a pestle and mortar. Nine parts lactose are then added to the remedy dust and further attrition applied. This process is termed trituration. The resultant product is 1X potency. The 1X product may then be sequentially triturated further with a further 9 parts lactose to give more dilute potencies. After a dilution of 6X using trituration the particle size is small enough to be solubilised. Thus further dilutions above 6X are obtained by means of the liquid alcohol method followed by succussion.

Potency (Dilution) Ranges
The Decimal Range (X) -
In this system 1 part of mother tincture is diluted with 9 parts (ie a ratio of 1:9) of alcohol/water (giving a total parts ratio of 1+9 = 10). Because the total number of parts adds up to 10 the range is called the "Decimal System". and is denoted by a letter "X" which stands for number 10 in Latin. Next each dilution is shaken vigourously, a process referred to as succussion which is the dynamic for transforming a diluted solution into a homeopathic remedy.  The resultant remedy from the first dilution and succussion is called 1X. (The 1 represents the dilution number and the X indicates the Decimal System of dilution). To obtain a 2X remedy 1 part of the 1X remedy is diluted with 9 parts alcohol/water and following dilution succussed a second time. Similarly to obtain a 3X remedy 1 part of the 2X remedy is diluted with 9 parts alcohol/water and succussed a third time. This process is continued through the sequence 4X, 5X, 6X etc etc etc until the desired remedy potency is obtained (for example 30X).

ii) The Cencesimal Range (C) - In this system 1 part of mother tincture is diluted with 99 parts (ie a ratio of 1:99) of alcohol/water (giving a total parts ratio of 1+99 = 100). Because the total number of parts adds up to 100 the range is called the "Centesimal System" and is denoted by a letter "C" which stands for the number 100 in Latin. Next just as for the Decimal System each dilution is succussed which is the similar dynamic for transforming the diluted solution into a homeopathic remedy. The resultant remedy from the first dilution and succussion is called 1C. (The 1 represents the dilution number as before but this time the C indicates the Centesimal System of dilution). To obtain a 2C remedy 1 part of the 1C remedy is diluted with 99 parts alcohol/water and following dilution succussed a second time. Again to obtain a 3C remedy 1 part of the 2C remedy is diluted with 99 parts alcohol/water and succussed a third time. This process is continued through the sequence 4C, 5C, 6C etc etc etc until the desired remedy potency is obtained (for example 30C).

The Centesimal Rabge

iii) The Milesimal Range (LM) - Throughout his life Hahnemanns sole aim was to develop a system of medicine which would cure rapidly and at the same time avoid aggravations. However he often found that when using the Decimal (X) range many cases remained unresolved whilst a change to the Centesimal (C) range would produce an aggravation. There therefore had to be a better way to obtain his life long objective of a quick, safe, permanent and gentle cure.

He decided therefore after 36 years of raising potencies to raise the ratio of dilution instead. Leaving the 1/100 dilution ratio of the centesimals to one side he started searching for a potency that would fill this role in homoeopathic therapeutics. He hit upon the 1/50,000 dilution ratio. Thus the 50 Millesimal potency or LM range was created. This new LM potency with its much larger dilution ratio significantly transformed homeopathic prescription.

The range delivers the smallest liquid dose which in turn produces a gentle and long enduring counter action of the vital forces mistunement. The primary effect is to replaces the natural disease without aggravation and produce a long enduring gentle cure through the restoration of the life force to full health and vitality.

The LM system is produced fcommencing rom sequential dilution and succussioni of a 3C remedy in the ratio of 1:50,000. The resultant remedy is called LM 01. (The 1 represents the dilution number commencing from 3C and the LM indicates the Milesimal System of dilution) from the Latin for 50,000). Similarly to obtain LM 02 1 part of LM 01 is diluted in the ratio 1:50,000 and following succession a second time the resultant remedy is called LM 02 This process is continued through the sequence LM 04, LM 05, LM 06 etc etc etc until the desired remedy potency is obtained (for example LM 30).

Chronic diseases often have an insidious onset and present a slowly increasing pathology which reach crisis point after a long number of years. The LM potency with its subtle mode of action combats these conditions by means of a series of slowly increasing potencies in such a way that the affliction is overcome. Typical chronic conditions include heavy organic pathology, hypersensitivity, allergies, old chronic diseases, one-sided states and skin ailments amongst others. Additionally the gentle mode of action of LMs is ideally suited to those elderly with a lowered vital force.

Click MORE button above for additional information about the
Milesimal (LM) Range by David Little.

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iv) The "Q" Potency Range - The term "Q potency" refers to the word "Quinquagintamillessimal". Quinquaginta = 50, millessimal = 1000, so quinquaginta-millessimal = 50,000. This is the dilution scale of 1:50,000 obtained by using the Milesimal Ragge.

The conventional name for this potency range of "LM" is an incorrect usage of Roman numerals, mistakenly thought to represent 50,000. Actually, because of the way Roman numerals work, LM = 950 (viz 1000 - 50). To write 50,000 using Roman numerals correctly would require writing fifty M's in a row. It's easy to see why people have opted for the technically incorrect "LM" instead.

However, the terms Q and LM are usually used interchangeably, and whether you ask for a Q or an LM from most pharmacies you will recieve the same thing: a remedy prepared according to the 1:50,000 dilution scale.

There is a distinction made in some pharmacopeas between Q and LM, referring to the globule size used in the dilution process (Q = 1600 globules per gram, LM = larger globule size; 470-520 globules/gram, which results in a dilution ratio of around 1:22,000),

This is the final step of remedy preparation and involves the production of the end product ready for dispensing.
Mother tinctures are used direct in certain topical applications.

Liquid remedies are prepared by mixing the appropriate potency with 25% alcohol as a preservative before dispensing.

Lotions are final potentised remedies without the preserving alcohol addition.

Triturated solids are dispensed in powder form.

Tablets and pills are produced by impregnating them with the appropriate potentised liquid.

are produced by mixing 95% non stain base with 5% of the appropriate potency.

Quality Control
All homeopathic remedies are produced under the regulation of the Homeopathic Pharmacopia in accordance to the instructions of Dr Hahnemann as laid down in the various editions of the Organon.

The manufacture, packaging, labeling, sale and supply of remedies are controlled under appropriate national and domestic legislation, boards and authorities. In general in Ireland this involves The Chemicals Act 2008; The Health Acts of 2004 & 2007; The Irish Medicines Board Provisions Act 2006; The Pharmacy Act 2007; The Medical Practitioners Act 2007; and The Mental Health Act 2001.

For more information on Remedy Preparation click the hyperlink below
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Philosophy of Homeopathy
"Whoever wishes to become a PHILOSOPHER must
learn not to be frightened by absurdities."
Bertrand Russell
{1872 - 1970) British author, mathematician, & philosopher

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The Organon of Medicine
The first edition of Hahnemann's quintessential work was published in 1810 which is now regarded as the homeopathic birth year. The Organon which eventually ran to six editions is written in a series of aphorisms numbered from 1 to 291. There are lengthy footnotes and side notes to many of the aphorisms which make for difficult reading.

The 12 sections to the Organon are  aphorisms 1-71  Principles of Cure (1), 72-81 Understanding Disease (2), 82-104 Taking the Case (3), 105-145 Knowledge of Remedies (4), 146-203 Treatment of Disease (5), 204-209 Miasms (6), Mentals 210-230 (7), Mentals, 231-244 Intermittents (8), 245-263 Case Management (9), 264-271 Preparation of Remedies (10), 272-274 Administration of Remedies (11) and finally 286-291 Other Therapeutic Approaches (12). The 6th edition, in addition, contained a preface as well as a lengthy Introduction outlining and citicising the state of conventional medicine as it then.

The ideals for practicing physicians are set out in the first three aphorisms and would be universally relevant as much today as they were then. Aphorism1 "The physicians highest and only calling is to make the sick health..." Aphorism 2 "The highest ideal of cure is the rapid, gentle and permanent restoration of heal..." Aphorism 3 "To be a genuine practitioner of the medical art a physician must clearly realize what is to be cured....learly realize what is curative in medicine....nd be clearly aware of how to adapt what is curative to what is required...."
Hahnemanns developing thoughts on treatment as detailed in the various editions of The Organon may be summarised as below
4th Edition recommends dry globules with potencies in the decimal series up to 32X and with the caution of non repetition once a favourable reaction has commenced.
5th Edition recommends liquid dosage with potencies in the centesimal series up to 150C. The number of succussions is raised from 3 to a minimum of 10. The direction on non repetition is repeated.
6th Edition introduces a whole new liquid potency the Fifty Millessimal (LM) which contained new revolutionary thinking and in many ways ran counter to previous recommendations. The number of successions was raised to 100 which is the number used in practice today. Succussion was also introduced before each dose. Furthermore continuous dosing was instructed as opposed to the previous non repetition direction. Significance was also attached to the size of the dose. Hitherto this had been ignored. Hahnemann considered the new LM system as the most perfect system of all.

Unfortunately his final edition of the Organon which was completed in 1843 it did not see the light of day until 1921 during which time homeopathy had progressed and developed in a somewhat different direction (notably through the introduction by Kent of high potency Constitutional prescribing) making the transition to a LM potency series more difficult. As a result this most perfect of all systems (the LM series) is prescribed less frequently than the decimal and centesimal series.

For a full text of Hahnemann's Organon of Medicine with side by side comparison
of the 5th and 6th editions click the hyperlink beloiw

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The Vital Force
The concept of a life force is not new, neither is it unique to homeopathy. The Chinese call it Chi, the Hindus Prana, and various Western philosophers have described it as, life-field, subtle spirit, morphogenic field, biological closed circuitry etc.

Hahnemann postulated the existence of a vital force which maintained the sensations and activities of all the parts of the living individual. Without this vital force the individual is unable to function or maintain itself and eventually dies.

The vital force is holistic in that it is everywhere within the living individual including mind, body and emotions. In a healthy organism these vital forces are in harmony (equilibrium) but in a disease situation the vital force is in disharmony (disequilibrium) resulting in an imbalance of the normal balanced state.
Today some might interpret the vital force as that of the natural immune system with its specific resistance ability to destroy disease invaders through the production of anti-bodies. It is with the aid of the immune system that homeopathic remedies achieve their favourable effect. The aim of Homeopathy is thus to restore energy balance and equilibrium by aiding and stimulating the bodys natural immune system in its natural fight against disease.

For a review on the Vital Force by Peter Morrell
Click More below

For still more Information on the Vital Force
click the two hyperlinks below:
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The Homeopathic Concept of Disease
The contemporary, allopathic view of disease and cause revolves around three concepts with which we are all familiar:
1. Imperfect physiological pathways,
2. Genetic defects and
3. Infective agents such as bacteria and viruses.
In general conventional medicine can offer a cure only against the third cause. Kill the bug and cure the patient could be a summation of their attitude to fighting disease.
Scroll right for Paracelsus's philosophy on disease  >>>
The homeopath views disease very differently. To him the symptoms of imbalance are not the result of an invader bug but the consequences or result of the bodys own natural immune system in its attempts to combat the invading force. The invading bug is secondary and enters the body only as a result of lowered immune response on the part of the individual following the illness challenge. The bug is the consequence not the cause of the disease.

To the homeopath the route for cure therefore is to assist the natural immune system suppress the invading force for illness. Since, as the homeopath believes, the symptoms of imbalance are the attempts of the natural immune system to combat the invading force, it follows that the best form of strengthening the natural immune system in its resistance to the invader would be to augment (not attenuate as in conventional medicine) the symptoms being displayed. This can most easily be achieved by administering homeopathically a remedy which displays similar symptoms to those the patient is suffering when administered to a healthy individual ie the Law of Similars. 
Click button for more information on Disease & Health 
from Peter Morrell brought to you by Homeopathy International
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Homeopathy and Disease Suppression
Based on the homeopath's concept of disease it is obvious that suppression in which symptoms are stifled, restrained, smothered or otherwise checked or retarded is the very reverse way of proceeding to cure. Suppression is not cure.

An example of adverse suppression is the treatment of skin affectations using steroids the resultant benefit being only cosmetic. The affectation is driven inwards and suppressed (the reverse of homeopathic cure)  with the result that sooner or later this suppression will give rise to a far more deep seated energy imbalance of muscular, neurotic or metabolic manifestation.
Click for more imformation on Disease Suppression brought to you by Ellen Kramer
of the College of Practical Homeopathy
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Homeopathy and Palliation
Similar to suppression is the case of palliation. The provision of tranquillizers only palliates the patient and at the same time reduces the vital force. However in a hospice situation where hope of cure is abandoned homeopathy can bring about a pesaceful and pain free end.

Click button for more information on palliation including case histories involving homeopathic palliation of two cancer patients.
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Scroll right for photo of Dr Constantine Hering >>>
Hering's Law of Cure
Constantine Hering gave homeopaths 3 principals upon which a patients progress towards cure should be monitored. The Laws are commonly knows as the direction of cure.

1. Healing proceeds from inside outwards. That is the deepest mental and emotional symptoms need first to be resolved before that of any local physical symptoms. A practical implication of this would be say in a case of psoriasis little benefit would be expected in curing the skin condition without first attending to the mental and emotional aspects of the patients imbalance.

2. Healing proceeds from top down. This sates that symptoms are first resolved from the head down towards the feet. That is if say if a patient is being treated for a general body skin condition one would expect the body parts towards the top to be cured before those on the legs. Conversely if for example a patient presents with a foot pain issue and on the next appointment states that the pain has progressed upwards and is now in the knee beware. The wrong medicine was prescribed. A cure cannot be affected in an upward direction.

3. Healing proceeds from new to old. An example of this in general practice would be of a patients original presenting imbalance is progressing satisfactorily towards cure when a new and unrelated symptom/ pain or problem appears. Invariably upon questioning the patient admits to its previous occurrence. Sometimes the original occurrence was so long ago that the patient had forgotten about it. Thus when the initial imbalance is corrected a previous one appears requiring healing itself ie healing proceeds in the reverse order of appearance. The dynamics of imbalance and cure have been likened to peeling an onion. When one layer of imbalance is cured and peeled off it reveals the next layer of imbalance fro attention.
Click button for more infoirmation on Hering's Law
Sylvain Cazalet 2001
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The Hierarchy of Symptoms
The grading of symptoms is of great significance in arriving at the overall Totality of Symptoms. In order of importance they are:

Mentals: relating to the nervous system,judgement, perception and behaviour.
Emotionals: relating to affections, willpower, desires, likes and dislike, sensitivity etc
Generals: physical symptoms which relate to a whole person. The patient expresses their presence as I have. ie. I have a rash. I have a burning temperature. I always have a tired feeling.
Strange, Rare & Peculiars  These symptoms are where a patient runs a high fever but is not thirsty or where the injury is on the right elbow but the pain is felt on the left or where the patient has continuous diarrhoea but does not lose weight.
Sensationals  Symptoms here are where the patient likens the compliant to something. ie the pain in my head is like it would explode. The tickle in my throat is like a splinter. 
Particulars These symptoms relate only to a particular part of the body and their presence is expressed as "My... ie. My foot hurts when I walk, My finger goes numb when I write
Common Symptoms are generally disregarded when they are to be generally experienced with the presenting imbalance ie in the case of a fever the patient reports a lot of sweating or a difficulty in walking with a swollen knee.

When calculating the symptom score many homeopaths weight symptoms according to a scale such as: Mentals score3; Emotionals score 2.5; Generals score 2: Strange, Rare & Peculiar score 1.5 Sensationals score 1 whilst Particulars score 0.5.
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Click above button for more information on the Hierarchy of Symptoms brought to you by
Ellen Kramer of the College of Practical Homeopathy
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This is defined as a condition which makes a symptom better or worse. Thus heat or a stuffy room may make a patient feel worse whilst fresh air may improve their symptoms. In this case a stuffy room and fresh air would be considered modalities. In the general scheme of obtaining a weighted symptom score modalities may be given a score of 1.
Click above button for more information on Modalities
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Scroll right for photo & quotes from Dr Kent >>>

A repertory is simply a listing in alphabetical order of every symptom in rubric form that appears in the Materia Medica for each remedy that repertory covers. Not all repertories cover all remedies because some of them are specialized covering say only musculoskeletal imbalances or specialist womens imbalances or childrens imbalances etc. The advantage of using a specialized repertory is that the choice of rubrics would be greater. The first of the modern repertories was compiled by James Tyler Kent which is still the most popular one used to this day. It covers 650 remedies and has over 60,000 rubrics. Other more modern computerized systems include Radar, Cara, Hompath, Synthesis and the Complete. There are also many others all of which have their own advocates and distinct style and methodology.
Click above button for Review of Repertorisation from case taking to prescription.
Presented by Homeo International
Click above button for a worked example of repertorisation
by Simon King of Homeopathy-Help-net
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The Similimum
The end product of Repertorisation is to find the similimum. In Homeopathy the Similimum is the indicated remedy which corresponds best to the Totality of Symptoms, as interpreted according to the relative rank of symptoms. Totality of Symptoms represents in the opinion of the consulting physician the best logical combination of the symptoms which characterise the patient as well as individualise the problem. From the foregoing it follows that Totality does not mean the sum total of all the symptoms of a patient which have been classified and evaluated. It is rather the sum total of only the selected symptoms which best describe both the condition being treated as well as the personality of the individual. Thus the similimum is the most similar remedy corresponding to a case, one covering the true totality of symptoms, and when found, is always curative, and in incurable cases, is the best possible palliative remedy.

According to Kent the perfect similimum is to be found in specific rubrics. In other words he applied very specific criteria and narrow limits to the similimum. It is this exact similimum that contemporary Homoeopathic systems are trying to achieve. There is therefore a tendency merely for some isolated characteristic or key-note to be used when obtaining the similimum.

Nothing could be further from the truth. The similimum should, in my opinion, reflect the global characteristics of the treatment condition and not just a narrow spectrum of criteria. Boenninghausen certainly believed that larger broader rubrics were more beneficial than smaller more specific ones and don't forget - Boenninghausen's repertory was read and approved by Hahnemann, Kent's was not.

A trenchant observation is pertinent here:-
"During the time of Hahnemann and Boenninghausen and the period shortly after, Homoeopathy reached its peak and was acclaimed worldwide as a successful clinical healing modality. There is no doubt in my mind since the Homoeopathic world has switched its focus from the similmum of Hahnemann and Boenninghausen, to the exact similimum of Kent, that Homoeopathy has become less effective, less understood and less recognised. History doesn't lie."

Observation by:
Grant Bentley of
The Victoria College of Classical Homeopathy logo. CLICK LOGO FOR WEB-SITE

Key to understanding the similimum is that it is primarily an energetic healing modality. The action of a homeopathic remedy does not occur through the same physiological pathways activated by the administrations of conventional medications

Humans have a predominant or resonant frequency of energy. This resonant frequency. will absorb energy from another energy source of a similar  resonance. For instance a vibrating E string of one guitar can resonate in a second guitar without the string  being plucked.

The frequency of energy at which the body vibrates is a reflection of its state of health. In other words when a person is sick that person's resonant frequency changes. This is evidenced by a raised energy status as the body tries to overcome the invading illness. Thus if a person receives more energy at the new disease frequency it would assist to purge the body of its illness. The similimum does just this and achieves cure by matching the vibrational frequency of the homeopathic remedy with the vibrational frequency of the patient.

To end with here's a
quotation by:
Leela Heard-Garnett of logo. CLICK LOGO FOR WEB-SITE
"In the energetic view of human health, we are more than mere biological engines. We possess bodies that are energized and motivated by the forces of our spirit and soul. We are energetic beings whose ills may be healed not only by surgical procedures and drugs but also by different forms and frequencies of energy."

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Constitutional Prescribing
Having laid such emphasis on symptomology it may seem strange to mention a method of prescription not based on symptoms; but such is the art of Constitutional prescribing. This method of prescription was introduced by James Tyler Kent at the turn of the 20th century and involved the use of high potency remedies of 10M up to MM. It will be appreciated that Constitutional prescribing weights mental and emotional attributes more so than physical symptoms as in symptomatic prescribing. This helps to explain the necessity for the use of such a high potenies. The term Constitution refers to the genetic attributes (traits) of the individual which is an element of the individual's make up and which cannot be changed unlike those of symptoms which can be changed. Homeopaths believe however constitutional traits can be influenced for good by accentuating beneficial gene traits and regressing non beneficial traits. Such influence is achieved by providing a balanced energy environment within the individual which in effect promotes the development of the good traits at the expense of the bad. In determining a patients Constitution the physician considers only the inherited traits (not symptoms) of body, mind and emotion. Constitutional prescribing asks the question what kind of patient has the disease rather than what kind of disease the patient has. Thus the constitutional prescription may lead to a different remedy choice to that of the symptomatic similimum. In an ideal world however the constitutional remedy and the similimum would be the same.

Scroll right for Hippocrates's philosophy on medicine  >>>>>>

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Homeopathic Constitutional Types 
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Homeopathic Constitution History
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Homeopathic Aggravation
This may occur when symptoms worsen following the administration of a remedy. It is generally regarded as a favourable sign and is an indication that the correct remedy has been selected. It may occur as a result of two situations. Either:
- the selected remedy was administered at too high a potency which has resulted in over stimulation of the natural immune system or
- too many doses of a particular remedy has been administered resulting in the patient proving the remedy.
The aggravation is easily corrected by discontinuing treatment for both situations and in the case of the former recommencing after a few days but at a lower potency. 
Aggravation must not be confused with allopathic side effects which are entirely different. Side effects are the appearance of new symptoms entirely different from that for which the medicine has been prescribed. Homeopathic aggravation is the worsening of the same symptoms for with the remedy has been prescribed. 
Click button for more information on Aggravation
from Simon King brought to you by Homeopathy-Help-net
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The Healing Crisis
One of the most misunderstood areas of Homeopathic treatment is that of the actual healing process itself. To properly understand the process one must interpret the symptoms, signs and changes that follow the beginnings of improvement - "The Healing Crisis". Remarkable things happen physically, mentally and emotionally as the intelligence in every cell of the body changes.

When the body's Vital force (of Wellness) is focused Homeopathically to concentrate its resources against an intruder (of Illness) the body begins to replace the undesirable trait (of Illness) with a new healthy trait of Wellness. To do this the unwanted Illness trait is discarded by the body through the normal organs of excretion. On its journey to these organs via the blood stream for final elimination the toxic trait (of Illness) may register on the consciousness in the form of a physical symptom such as pain, headache, diarrhoea, fever, skin eruptions, rash, depression, nervousness, irritability etc. Thus there is often an initial  "relapse" period in which the patient appears to get "worse" (The Healing Crisis) as old Illness symptoms reappear in the form of  physical symptoms. This Healing Crisis phase which usually lasts from 10 - 14 days but can last several weeks depending upon the amount to be voided is nothing other than the toxins of Illness being discarded by the body. Following their elimination and the reinstatement of the trait for Wellness the body experiences a physical increase of strength and a diminution of stress accompanied with an emotional and mental release of great well-being, poise, alertness and vitality.

The Healing Crisis involves usually involves three distinct stages. Sometimes however these stages merge together with such fluidity that the patient fails to be aware of them noticing only the effect of Wellbeing upon emerging through the Crisis period. 

1. During the first stage of The Healing Crisis the accent is on elimination or the break down of toxic tissue material (catabolism). The body begins to clean house - in short, to remove the garbage deposited in all the tissues. In this stage wastes can be discarded more rapidly than new tissue created which becomes evident as weight loss.

2. The second phase of stabilisation follows during which the amount of toxins being discarded equals the amount of tissue created.

3. The final third phase of The Healing Crisis is where there is a build up (anabolism) of Wellness tissue wherein any weight previously lost is regained.

Returning to the old symptoms that reoccur during the first phase of The Healing Crisis patients are often unable to comprehend why they are now experiencing symptoms which were long gone and often forgotten about. In some cases conditions visited some twenty to thirty years ago (in childhood) may become re-apparent. The answer is because not all of the original toxins were got rid of. There were some remnants left lurking in body tissue which is now being voided. The fact that there are no outward physical symptoms does not mean the body is completely free of all residual toxins.

It is most important to note that any symptoms which re-occur during the first stage of The Healing Crisis are in fact re-occurring ones (ie have been previously experienced). Such symptoms re-occur according to specific natural Laws which have been encapsulated in what Homeopaths refer to as Hering's Natural Law of Cure (or Hering's Law). New symptoms which have not been experienced before are not part of the Healing Crisis (are not part of Hering's Law) and must be treated for separately. It is also important to appreciate that The Healing Crisis differs from Homeopathic Aggravation in the latter relates only to a worsening of the condition being treated whereas The Healing Crisis is the re-appearance of former symptoms which are different from those being treated.

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Avogadro's Hypothesis & Nano Moleculars
Avogadro in 1811 stated that equal volumes contain an equal number of molecules. Therefore 1cc of say a plant tissue would contain the same number of molecules as say 1cc of lead. From this he calculated the number of molecules in any 1cc as 6.4 x 10/23. Thus 1cc of every Homeopathic mother tincture, according Avogadro's Hypothesis, would contain 6.4 x 10/23  molecules. Using the serial dilution technique employed in Homeopathic potentisation it follows that 1cc of a 1X dilution
would contain 6.4 x 10/22 mother tincture molecules, similarly 1cc of a 2X (or 1C) dilution would contain 6.4 x 10/21 mother tincture molecules and furthermore a icc solution of 12X (or 6C) would contain 6.4 x 10/11 mother tincture molecules. If potentisation of the mother tincture was continued to a 1cc dilution of 24X (12C) it follows that this final dilution would not contain any molecule of the original mother tincture. Thus all potencies of 24X, 12C or LM4 and beyond contain no molecule of their original mother tincture.
Critics seize upon this as proof that Homeopathy is nothing more than a fraud and hoax of the most basic and unscientific kind. How is it imaginable that a remedy containing no original molecule can be medicinally effective?
Defenders point out to the contrary that this nano molecular element is the very essence and power of the energising effect so evident in Homeopathic remedies.
Perhaps science will eventually provide us with a definitive answer but until then we can only in Biblical terms "see through a glass darkly." However two lines of research look promising and are beginning to yield up some secrets.
Spectroscopic examination of mother tincture and 24X dilutions shows a different configuration within the molecular structure with the presence of "holes" in the dilute liquid when compared with mother tincture. In homeopathic terms one could regard these "holes" as fingerprints of the original mother tincture which has been diluted out and potentised through succussion.
Another line of investigation using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) shows the presence of high energy sub atomic energy levels in solution diluted out and succussed over Avogadros limit and which were not found to be present in the mother tincture.
For more information buy the book about the scientific roots of Homeopathy>>>

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Photo Marigold
Kingdom: Plant
Latin Name: Calendula arvensis
Common Name: Marigold
: Calen
click for

Photo Cuttlefish
Kingdom: Animal
Latin Name: Sepia officinalis
Common Name: Cuttlefish
: Sep
click for

Photo matches
Kingdom: Mineral
Latin Name: Phosphorica metallicum
Common Name: Matches
: Phos
click for
West & East Germany
(click map for enlergement)

Map of Germany (Click for enlargement)
 Meissen 2. Leipzig 3. Kothen
4. Dresden

Photo Dr Samuel Hahnemann
Dr. Samuel Hahnemann

Photo Missen Pottery
Missen Pottery
Photo Albrecht Castle Today
Albrecht Castle Missen Today
Photo of Kothen Town Hall
Kothen Town Hall

































































































The Law of Similars (1)
The Law of Similars 1

The Law of Similars (2)
The Law of Similars (2)

















































Potentisation (1)
Potentisation (1)

Aotomatic shaker
Potentisation (2)
Automatic shaker














































































Summary of
Potency Series

Series Symbol Dilution
Decimal X 1:10
Centesimal C 1:100
Fifty Millesimal LM 1:50,000

Advantages of the "Q"
or LM Series

 1. Rapidity of cure. This is brought about by the increased number of succussions which enhances the remedys dynamic power for cure.

2. Gentle to patient with less (or no) aggravations. The low dilution rate ensures this.

3. Simple case management. No longer does the physician have to ponder over potency or dosage frequency. The LM series is administered starting with LM1and progresses serially until cure.

4. Patient friendly in that the remedy is simply taken continuously without fear of aggravation until cure is reached.















































Pic of Organon Book

Organon of the Medical Art
by Samuel Hahnemann
Edited by
Wenda Brewster O'Reilly
Birdcage Books



















































"Those who merely treat the effects of disease are like those who imagine that they can drive away the winter by brushing the snow from the door. It is not the snow that causes winter, but the winter that causes snow.
Paracelsus, 16th century philosopher and physic

















Photo Dr. C. Hering
Dr. Constantine Hering























Dr James Tyler Kent
Dr James Tyler Kent


"There is an innermost to everything that exists, or the outermost could not be."

"The outer world Is the world of results. The inner world (of causes) is not discoverable by the senses but by the

"There are two worlds, the world of thought, of immaterial substance, and the world of matter or material substance."

'One cannot afford to be liberal with principle.'











































Pic of Hippocrates
Hipprocrates  of Kos
The Father of Modern Medicine

The Humours

Hippocrates held that illness was the result of an imbalance of the four humours in the body, fluids which were naturally equal in proportion (pepsis). Hippocratic therapy was directed towards this end.

The Crisis

Another  concept in Hippocratic medicine was that of a crisis, a point in which the progression of a disease would begin to triumph and the patient would die, or the opposite, in which natural  processes would triumph and the patient recover.

Natural Healing

An important precept of Hippocratic doctrine was based on, "the healing power of nature", or in Latin, vis medicatrix naturae. Hippocratic therapy was focused on simply easing this natural process. To this end, Hippocrates believed "rest and immobilization of great importance".





























































The Infinitesimal Dose
Dr. Colin B Lessell
C.W.Daniel Co Ltd

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