Homeopathy 4 Health

The alternative medical modality of holistic, natural,

safe, individualised, side-effect-free and affordable health care

Hermes once separated two serpents entwined in mortal combat to bring about peace. These serpents were later included in the medical Caduceus as a sign of wellbeing.



















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You are viewing: H4H Monographs - The 2nd Natural Law of Homeopathy - Level 2
to Histroy & Basis (Law of Potentisation) - Level 1

H4H Monograph

The 2nd Natural Law
of Homeopathy

Dilution   + Succussion

Journey 2
The Law
of Potentisation

Recap of Journey 1
We concluded Journey 1 with some examples of the Law of Similars in relation to
1. Homeopathy
eg Coffee & Onions

2. Conventional Medicine
eg the stimulants Ritalin and Dexamphetamine which are used as sedatives for ADD & ADHD

3. Vaccination
highlighting the difference between Conventional & Homeopathic in which the former differs by
i) being injected directly into the blood stream
ii) contains toxic additives.


The Migratory Years 1793-1805
Following the epoch making cinchona experiment of Leipzig in 1790 Hahnemann spent the next 21 years extending the knowledge of this application to other drugs and medications. It was a difficult period in his life both professionally and domestically. Such was the virulence of the opposition against him following the publication of his initial findings, his thoughts on Homeopathy and the Law of Similars (remember that conventional medicine followed the rule of Opposites) that in 1793 he was impelled to migrate from Leipzig for a second time. It was an experience he found necessary to repeat some 20 times over the next 12 years. 

Even in todays so called civilised society the opposition of Big Pharma to anything likely to challenge its dominance can have violent repercussions. Compare for example the fate of Dr Andrew Wakefield following his publication of a possible link between MMR and autism in 1998. Such was the hostility and antagonism engendered against him that he and his family had to move home several times including changing countries.

Dr Andrew Wakefield
Dr Andrew Wakefield

Dr Wakefield's supporters
Dr Wakefield's supporters


Hahnemanns Self Provings 1805-1811
Finally from 1805 there followed a relatively peaceful period of 6 years when the family settled in Torgau (under the patronage of the local Governor who was also a patient) which allowed him space to concentrate on experimental provings (on himself) using local plants and herbs. During this period Hahnemann adopted a low profile in response to his patron and pursued his ambitions untrammelled concentrating on experimental provings (upon himself) using local plants and herbs

What is a Proving?
A proving is the testing of a potentised substance to find out which symptoms that substance is capable of producing, and hence curing. A proving is conducted on volunteers who are in a reasonable state of health (provers), and who do not know what substance it is they are taking. Doses are repeated until provers start to experience symptoms of a change in state. The provers record everything they experience, whether physical, emotional, mental, or even spiritual, as long as the change in state persists. At the end of the proving all the records are compared to find the physical symptoms, states of mind, feelings, and experiences that the provers have had in common, which can reasonably be attributed to the emerging signature resonance of the substance.

"Provings are the pillars upon which homeopathic practice stands. Without accurate provings all prescribing indications are bound to be vague guesses at best, and pure fiction at worst. There is no other way to predict the effect of any given substance as a remedy with any degree of accuracy, and the use of signatures, toxicology or fancy ideas cannot approximate the precise knowledge gained by a thorough proving."
The Dynamics and Methodology of Homeopathic Provings by Jeremy Sherr, MCH, FSHom, RSHom

Three of the main poisons at the time were Hemlock (Conium maculatum), Arsenic and
Poison Nut (Nux vomica). Hahnemann found that all these poisons produced symptoms of illness when given in large doses a condition which could be reversed (to wellness) when administered in small doses. In other words they conformed to the Law of Similars.

Although the results of large dosses of hemlock poison had been known since ancient time what was new was the discovery of the curative effect of the same drug when administered in small doses to a person already suffering similar symptoms to that of hemlock poisoning. For example the effect of large doses of hemlock had been vividly described by Plato over a thousand years earlier around 399 BC in his phaedo (narration) on the death of Socrates as follows:

He (the attendant) laid his hands on him (Socrates) and after a while examined his feet and legs, then pinched his foot hard and asked if he felt it. He said "No"; then after that, his thighs; and passing upwards in this way he showed us that he was growing cold and rigid. And then again he touched him and said that when it reached his heart, he would be gone. The chill had now reached the region about the groin, and uncovering his face, which had been covered, he said and these were his last words Crito, we owe a cock to Asclepius. Pay it and do not neglect it. That said Crito, shall be done; but see if you have anything else to say To this question he made no reply, but after a little while he moved; the attendant uncovered him; his eyes were fixed. When Crito saw this he closed his (Socratess) mouth and eyes.

Death of Socrates

The Death of Socrates
This picture by Jacques Louis David painted in 1787 depicts the closing moments of the life of Socrates. Condemned to death or exile by the Athenian government for his teaching methods which aroused scepticism and impiety in his students, Socrates heroicly rejected exile and accepted death from hemlock.
By contrasting the movements of the energetic but firmly controlled Socrates, and his swooning disciples, through the distribution of light and dark accents, David transforms what might have been only a fashionable picture of martyrdom to a clarion call for nobility and self-control even in the face of death.Here the philosopher continues to speak even while reaching for the cup, demonstrating his indifference to death and his unyielding commitment to his ideals. Most of his disciplines and slaves swirl around him in grief, betraying the weakness of emotionalism. His wife is seen only in the distance leaving the prison. Only Plato, at the foot of the bed and Crito grasping his master's leg, seem in control of themselves.


Hahnemann Establishes Provings
Thus through these initial trials Hahnemann established the Homeopathic method of Proving as a procedure in which all observed symptoms of a healthy person (the prover) were carefully noted when given small doses of a selected drug. Later on these noted symptoms (the provings) were to be collated over several provers into what became the Homeopathic Materia Medica and which forms the corner stone for prescription even to this day.


The Law of Potentisation
The initial provings were done using mother tincture but as most remedies were poisons a way had to be found to obviate the toxic element whilst at the same time maintaining the curative properties. In other words Hahnemann next needed to establish dose rate for each drug..

The attenuation (detoxification) of the drug was achieved readily enough through a process of serial dilution. However dilution itself was not the full answer because although it eliminated the toxic effect it apparently also eliminated the curative effect obtained from small dosages which was the corner stone of the Law of Similars. Apparently the drug had now became too dilute to cure in small dosages.


There are many romantic stories surrounding how Hahnemann evolved the practice of succession as the solution to the problem. One such tale is that the great man became thoroughly frustrated at his inability to produce a curative effect from a dilute solution. In his anger he railed against God saying that although he had been allowed to progress his discoveries so far the ultimate secret was denied him. As a means of venting his pent up emotions he struck the dilution vial he was holding in his hand several times hard against a large tone of the Bible. He was pleasantly surprised when upon later administration of small doses to a patient he obtained a very rapid cure and thus was born the concept of succession.

Glamourous as the story is I suspect however that the idea of succussion arose from something Hahnemann had read during his translation work or as a result of some hint or suggestion he had come across elsewhere. It seems scarcely credible, at least to me, that he discovered that succussion works better than no succussion as a result of chance. The fact that he never claims any personal credit for the technique also suggests that he originally obtained it somewhere else.

What is Succussion?
By Succussion is meant the vigourous shaking and mpact of a dilurtion on a hard resilient surface a process which reverses the polarity of the drug such that it becomes curative in effect rather than causative

The Definition of Potentisation
We are now at the point where we can define potentisation as:

The process of minimizing or negating
the toxic effects of a mother tincture
by Serial Dilution or Trituration
and at the same time
increasing its dynamic curative properties by Succussion

Dilution  + Succussion
Potentisation = Dilution + Succussion

Dilution Methods
i) Hahnemannian Method 
This is still the main method used today and consists of diluting a measured aliquot of the mother tincture in a separate vial with 9 parts of alcohol/water. followed by succussion. In this method the 1 part is volumetrically measured into a new vial for each dilution/succession sequence. (Sometimes an H is added at the end of the remedy nomenclature to indicate use of the Hahnemannian method of dilution. Thus 30CH means the remedy has been potentised to 30 centesimal dilutions using the Hahnemanian method).

Hahnemannian method of dilution

ii) Korsakovian Method 
Similar to the Hahnemannian method except that the mother liquor is not strictly measured out. The dilution vial is just emptied out and a further 9 parts of alcohol added. It is assumed that the residue sticking to the side of the empty vial is adequate. Succussion after each dilution is as before. This method is therefore much quicker and uses only a single diluting vial. (Sometimes a K is added at the end of the remedy nomenclature to indicate use of the Kosakovian method of dilution. Thus 20CK means the remedy has been potentised to 200 centesimal dilutions using the Kosakovian method).

Dilution Hahnemannian Method

What is trituration?
Trituration is used for those drugs that are not soluble in liquid media. In this case they are thoroughly ground with lactose in 10% increments up to 7X by which time the drug will be of a sufficiently small particle size as to be solubilised. There is no separate succussion during trituration. The grinding of the particles during each stage is generally considered sufficient.Subsequent potencies from 8X upwards are then executed on a serial dilution and succussion basis. . 



Homeopathic Remedy Preparation and Nomenclature
Serial Dilution refers to dissolving the drug in water or alcohol followed by its dilution in a predetermined manner. Generally dilution is done sequentially in 10% or 1% increments. Thus a pure mother tincture which has been diluted to 10% of its original concentration would be called 1X. Similarly a further dilution of the 1X solution to !0% of its concentration would be called 2X. This process could be carried out to 30X or more and is known as the Decimal series. When the pure mother tincture is diluted in increments of 1% each dilution are similarly termed 1C and 2C a process which may be continued likewise to 30C or more and is known as the Centesimal series.

i) The Decimal Range (X) - In this system 1 part of mother tincture is diluted with 9 parts (ie a ratio of 1:9) of alcohol/water (giving a total parts ratio of 1+9 = 10). Because the total number of parts adds up to 10 the range is called the "Decimal System". and is denoted by a letter "X" which stands for number 10 in Latin


ii) The Centesimal Range (C) -  In this system 1 part of mother tincture is diluted with 99 parts (ie a ratio of 1:99) of alcohol/water (giving a total parts ratio of 1+99 = 100). Because the total number of parts adds up to 100 the range is called the "Centesimal System" and is denoted by a letter "C" which stands for the number 100 in Latin.

For full details click the link below

iii) The Fifty Milesimal Range (LM) - Throughout his life Hahnemanns sole aim was to develop a system of medicine which would cure rapidly and at the same time avoid aggravations. However he often found that when using the Decimal (X) range many cases remained unresolved whilst a change to the Centesimal (C) range would produce an aggravation. There therefore had to be a better way to obtain his life long objective of a quick, safe, permanent and gentle cure.

He decided therefore after 36 years of raising potencies to raise the ratio of dilution instead. Leaving the 1/100 dilution ratio of the centesimals to one side he started searching for a potency that would fill this role in homoeopathic therapeutics. He hit upon the 1/50,000 dilution ratio. Thus the 50 Millesimal potency or LM range was created. This new LM potency with its much larger dilution ratio significantly transformed homeopathic prescription.

For more information on LM potencies click the link below


Homeopathic potencies can vary from tincutres at O right through to very high constitutional CM potencies. The following table provides a general descriptive framework

Posology Descriptions

Description Potency
Tincture 0

2X, 6X, 12X, 6C, to 24X


30X, 30C, 200X


200C, 1M

Constitutional 10M, 50M, CM
Leon Vannier's Posology Protocol
Drainage/ Detox 6X
Lesional 6C
Functional 30C
Constitutional >200C
For more detailed information on  posology click below


Validation of the Law of Potentisation
Arndt & Schultz in 1888 (some 77 years after Hahnemann first published his results in 1811) were the first to demonstrate scientifically the effect of potentisation using yeast as a medium. What became known as The Arndt-Shultz Law summarised experiments which measured the physiological response of living organism to a stimulus. It says a small amount of a chemical or electrical or laser or other stimulus will increase physiological activity, a large amount of the same stimulus will kill cells of the organism, whilst an intermediate amount will inhibit physiological activity. In brief: the physiological response reverses direction when the stimulus changes from small (weak) to large (strong), and vice-versa.


Arndt & Shultz Curve
Arndt & Schultz Curve

A more recent example of the Arndt-Shultz Law in action is the 1944 observation that a large dose of penicillin will kill a Staphylococcus infection, while a small dose will stimulate its growth.

There is one drawback to the universal application of the Arndt & Schultz Law in that it was carried out using dilutions of less than 1023 the limit set by Avogadro.


Avogadros Hypothesis
There is no greater criticism of Homeopathy by allopathy than that concerning Avogadros Hypothesis. The Italian physicist Avogadro in 1811 (the same year as Hahnemann published his findings on potentisation) postulated that equal volumes of substances given the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules.

vogadro's Hypothesis

 He produced a mathematical model to show that the number of molecules in a mole of any substance is approx 6.4 x 1023 Theoretically therefore any potency above 23X with an incremental dilution from the mother tincture of 10% cannot contain any molecules. Thus potencies of 24X or 12C and above do not contain any physical medicament.

Avogadros and Homeopathy

Limitation of Arndt & Schultz
There is one drawback to the universal application of the Arndt & Schultz Law in that it was carried out using dilutions of less than 1023 the limit set by Avogadro.

Reply to Criticism based on Avogadros Hypothesis
For many years the Avogadro criticism could not be answered by Homeopaths in scientific terms. Worldwide empirical data existed to disprove the criticism but good as that was no irrefutable scientific evidence existed until that is 1900.when Max Planck from the University of Kiel concerned himself with observations of the radiation of heated materials from which he propounded the Quantum theory which simply stated is:

Quantum Theory
Matter is composed of energy (quanta)
in the form of waves
at discrete vibrations and frequencies.

This Quantum theory was in exact counterpoint to the conventional thinking of the day which was that matter was composed of molecules

Later in 1905 Einstein further refined the energy story by defining how it could be calculated in his formulae

Einstein's Energy Equation
E= MC2
where E= energy,
M = mass and
C= the speed of light

Finally in 1924 Louis de Broglie proposed that there is no fundamental difference in the makeup and behavior of energy and matter.

Louis de Broglie Postulation
Elementary particles of both energy and matter
behave like either molecular particles or energy waves
depending on the conditions.

Thus science has now moved towards the position that possibly the process of Homeopathic potentisation provides the conditions necessary for the transfer of the remedys molecular particles into quantum energy waves with each remedy having its own unique vibration and frequency.


Kirlian Photography
Every living thing discharges energy. In humans we call this energy field aura. These energy waves can be captured on film known as Kirlian photos after the Russian man who in 1939 discovered the process.
Kirlian believed In living things we see signals of the inner state of the organism reflected in the brightness, dimness and colour of the flares. The inner life activities of the human being are written in these light hieroglyphs and can show several factors such as stress, and the state of the mind and emotions.

Interpretation of the colours and flares is based on the 7 seven chakras as outlined below

Kirling chackra colours

Chakra Colour Characteristics
using Kirlian Photography

1 Red Physical
2 Orange Identity/ personality
3 Yellow Stability/ Health
4 Green Emotional
5 Blue Will
6 Indigo Mind
7 Purple Spititual

Kirlian photo of a leaf
A leaf tip

Kirlian photo of the hand

Kirlian of organic and non organic mushrooms
Organic & non organic mushrooms

Kirlian Photographs


Benveniste's Water Memory Experiments
In 1988 Benveniste published a paper in the prestigious scientific journal Nature describing the action of very high dilutions of anti-IgE antibody on the degranulation of human basophils, findings which seemed to support the concept of homeopathy. Benveniste concluded that water retained a memory (water memory) of the energy profile of the substance that had been diluted out (ie water may retain a memory of a substance that it no longer contains).

Although these findings were reproduced by four laboratories worldwide, in Canada, Italy, Israel, and in France Benveniste was ridiculed and forced to resign his post as head of the French immunology unit where he was regarded as one of the worlds leading immunologists.

For further details of Jacques Benveniste click the link below


Why such Virulent Opposition?
The question: why are scientists so opposed to the evolution of science? Is it to defend their piece of turf? Why, in the name of intangible dogmas, which the history of science has shown to be so often ephemeral, do they reject advances which represent progress for their discipline? Do these advances appear to threaten their all-too-fragile certitudes? Such questions are not just philosophical, because these people are respected counselors, advisers to political and industrial decision-makers. They orient-most often by hampering-new applications flowing from scientific progress.

It is unfortunate that notwithstanding these serious statistical analyses performed by scientists who are not necessarily homeopaths, which show convincingly that there is a phenomenon in homeopathy that cannot be explained by the placebo effect, many skeptics remain unconvinced The following written in the 1850s shows that prejudice is still alive today as ever it was  

Herbert Spensers Bar 
There is a principle which is a bar against all information, 
which is proof against all arguments 
and which cannot fail to keep a person in everlasting ignorance 
that principle is contempt prior to investigation

For further details on Why such virulent opposition? click the link below


Research Post 1988
1. In 1999 4 highly respected centres Italy, Netherlands, Belgium and Scotland found dilutions of up to 19C (38X) were found to exhibit substantial degranualtion of basophils (white blood cells involved in allergic reaction).
2. A report in the Oct edition 2001 of the New Scientist states that a German chemist Dr Geckler discovered that following high dilution molecules cluster together. Thus it can be argued that at high dilutions the conventional Hypothesis of Avogadro is no longer valid in which it is stated that no molecules can exist. Maybe they do exist as clusters

3. A 2009 study at Bastyr University, Seattle, USA found positive immunologic, haematologic and clinical effects of high dilution growth factors/cytokines in HIV/AIDS patients.

4.Researchers froze a potentised homeopathic solution in order to "fix" it and were able to see the "differences" in the ice structure between it and that of pure water.

 5. Still more recently two Nobel scientists Brian Johnson an emeritus professor of Cambridge, England and Luc Montagnier a virologist who confirmed the relationship between HIV and AIDs expressed their belief that the Homeopathic water memory theory remain valid and could not be refuted once the full implications of Quantum is accounted for.

For more detailed information on the above research click the link below

Endpiece Quotation
"In the energetic view of human health, we are more than mere biological engines. We possess bodies that are energized and motivated by the forces of our spirit and soul. We are energetic beings whose ills may be healed not only by surgical procedures and drugs but also by different forms and frequencies of energy." Leela Heard-Garnett 


Dr. Peter Darashah

Ph.D.,M.Sc (Lond), B.Sc., DIHom (Pract),FBIH, MARH

Nutrition Consultant & Homeopathic Physician

(087) 2621943
Consultations held 6 days a week by appointment at:
Dervish Holistic Cebtre, 50 Cornmarket Str., Cork.

   H4H Monograph


The Homeopathic journey

The Natural Laws of Nature







































Death of Socrates
Death of Socrates














































Arndt & Shultz Curve























































Kirling chackra colours























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