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You are viewing: H4H Monographs - Musculoskeletal Wellbeing - Smooth Muscles - Level 2
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Musculoskeltal Wellbeing
Smooth Muscles

Background
The human muscular system is made up of over 600 muscles, which act in groups. All muscles are made up of the same type of material - a kind of an elastic tissue made from thousands of tiny fibers. Muscles are what enable one to do just about everything - from walking, to lifting heavy objects, to helping to pump blood throughout the body. They are classified as either involuntary or voluntary. Involuntary muscles function within the body automatically, without one being able to control them. Voluntary muscles are the the muscles that do not function automatically but are under the control of the individual.

The muscular system is incredibly important for two key reasons:
1. By turning energy into movement it iprovides the means of locomotion .
2. By turning energy into bodily activity and function it powers metabolism. Every expression of the brain is done by muscular means. The only way to express an idea is with the muscles of the larynx, mouth or tongue (spoken words) finger muscles (writing) or with the skeletal muscles (body language, dancing, running, building or fighting) to name a few.

Thus muscles are essential for both movement and metabolism.

Muscle Types The main types of muscle are:
1. Skeletal Muscles which come in pairs one muscle to move the bone in one direction and another to move it back the other way. They are also called striated muscle, because when viewed under a microscope one can see alternating stripes of light and dark. Skeletal muscles are also known as voluntary muscles because their movement is triggered manually by a conscious decision.

Some of the other major skeletal muscles include the deltoid muscle in the shoulders, the biceps and triceps in the arm, the pectoralis in the chest, the rectus abdominus in the abdomen, the quadriceps and the hamstring muscles in the legs

2. Smooth muscles are found in the digestive system, blood vessels, bladder, airways and, the uterus in the case of a female. They contract involuntarily in that their movement is unconscious and not manual. They are controlled by the nervous system automatically without a conscious decision. For example the gastrointestinal tract functions all day long without conscious thought or (for the most part) concern.

Smooth muscles generally occur in layers or sheets, with one muscle layer behind another. This is in distintinction to skeletal muscles which occur in pairs.

Examples of smooth muscles are the stomach and the digestive system, which contract and relax in order to pass food through the alimentary canal of the body. The bladder is another example of smooth muscle, and so is the uterus in women. Smooth muscles also occur in the eyes and help to keep the eyes focused. It is estimated that the eyes can move over 100,000 times in a day making them the busiest muscles in the human muscular system

3. Cardiac muscles are found only in association with the heart, and their big features are endurance and consistency. They can stretch like smooth muscle, and contract with the force of a skeletal muscle.

For classification purposes the skeletal and smooth muscles are the only two muscle types considered part of the musculoskeletal ysstem. The cardiac muscles are not included in the musculoskeletal classification. 

Common Disorders of Smooth Muscles
1. Arteriosclerosis/ Hypertension
Smooth muscle cells lining the artery walls have been implicated in atherosclerosis and hypertension (high blood pressure). In hypertension an increase in the size of the individual cells (hypertrophy) and in their number (i.e., hyperplasia) has been hypothesized. The increased quantity of smooth muscle in the artery wall increases the constrictive ability of the artery or the artery wall thickness constricting the lumen of the artery thus reducing blood flow. To compensate for this resistance to blood flow, the cardiovascular system responds by elevating blood pressure to ensure that the various tissues of the body are adequately supplied with blood. A consequence of the need to raise blood pressure, however, is a greater workload for the heart, and thus individuals who are diagnosed with high blood pressure are at a higher risk of heart attack or stroke.

Scroll right for picture of Hypertension>>>>>>>>>

Homeopathics

Aurum (Aur)
Baryta carbonica (Bar-c)
Calcarea fluorica Calc-f)
Crataegus (Crat)
Kali iodatum (Kali-i)
Strontium carbonica (Stron-c)

Sumbul (Sumb)

 

 

 

 


2. Asthma
Asthma is an inflammatory disease in which the smooth muscle of the bronchioles become constricted by swelling, making breathing difficult.
 
This holistic approach involves a reduction in the Total Environmental Load that an asthma sufferer experiences. The concept includes identifying food, chemical and environmental allergens, decreasing inflammatory agents in the diet, and reducing stress all of which are well established asthma triggers. Reducing the Total Environmental Load together with the introduction of important Homeopathic measures can have a highly positive effect; sometimes asthma may even be eradicated.

Homeopathics
Homeopathic medicines have been used successfully as alternatives to steroid/ bronchodilator medications and can be given in acute situations to reduce reliance on puffers. More importantly professional Homeopathic treatment works holistically reducing the Total Environmental Load
which in turn progresses the patient towards cure.

Aconite (Acon)
Antimonium tartaricum (Ant-t)
Apis mellifica (Apis)
Arsenicum album (Ars-a)
Carbo vegetalbilis (Carb-v)
Graphitis (Graph)
Ipecac (Ip)
Lycopodium (Lyc)
Passiflora (Pass)
Phosphorus (Phos)

Quebracho (Queb)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Smooth Muscle Tumour/ Uterine Tumour/
Fibroids/ Leiomyomas
Leiomyoma is a benign smooth-muscle tumor fibroid that most commonly affects the body of the uterus but may also be found in the cervix, broad ligament and rarely the ovary.
Frequency.
The true prevalence of uterine leiomyomas or fibroids as they are colloquially known, is uncertain, even though they are the most frequent tumor found in the female genital tract. They are present in 20-30% of women over 30 years of age rising to more than 40% in those over 40 years old.  There can be no doubt that a high proportion of women harbor leiomyomas completely without symptoms and consequently the above figures would be an underestimate of the problem.

Etiology.
The precise etiology of leiomyomas is unknown, although it is clear that the effects of hormones are pivotal. Leiomyomas are tumors that occur during the reproductive period, a time when hormonal influences are at their maximum. They first become apparent after the menarche, enlarge during pregnancy, and regress after the menopause. Even so, experimental attempts to induce leiomyoma development by the administration of estrogens in animals have failed. Recent evidence has strengthened the view that ther are other players in the pathogenesis of leiomyomas as yet unknown.

Homeopathics
Homeopathy works in a non invasive way to shrink the growth and export out the effete material.

Achillea millefolium (Achil-m)
Aurum muriatum natronatum (Aur-m-n)
Hepar sulphuris (Hep-s)
Medorrhinum (Med)
Myristica sebifera (Myrs-s)
Pulsatilla (Pul)
Silica (Sil)

Thuja (Thuj)

 

 

 

 

 


4. Incontinence/ Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence (UI) is any involuntary leakage of urine. It is a common and distressing problem, which may have a profound impact on quality of life.

Types of Incontinence

  • Stress Incontinence is due to insufficient pelvic strength. .
  • Urge incontinence is involuntary loss of urine
  • Overflow incontinence involves a constant dribble from the bladder.
  • Mixed incontinence is when incontinence alternates with urinary retention.
  • Functional incontinence occurs when a person recognizes the need to urinate, but cannot physically make it to the bathroom in time.  People with functional incontinence may have problems thinking, moving, or communicating that prevent them from reaching a toilet. A person with Alzheimer's Disease for example, may not think well enough to plan a timely trip to a restroom. A person in a wheelchair may be blocked from getting to a toilet in time.
  • Episodic Incontinence (bedwetting) while asleep. It is normal in young children.
  • Transient incontinence is a temporary incontinence triggered by medications, adrenal insufficiency, mental impairment, restricted mobility, and stool impaction. 

Homeopathics

Aconite (Acon)
Arsenicum album (Ars)
Belladonna (Bell)
Cantharis (Canth)
Lilium tigrinum (Lil-t)
Mercurius corosivus (Merc-c)
Nux vomica (Nux-v)
Pareira brava (Paieir)
Plumbum (Plb)
Pulsatilla (Puls)

Verbascum (Verb)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Hernas - Hiatial & Inguinal

A hiatial or hiatus hernia is the protrusion (or herniation) of the upper part of the stomach into the thorax through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm.

An inguinal hernia is when part of the small intestine (bowel) protrudes through the lower abdominal muscles. An inguinal hernia occurs in the groin - the area between the abdomen and thigh. An inguinal hernia can occur any time from infancy to adulthood and is much more common in males than females. Inguinal hernias tend to become larger with time.

Etiology

  • Sudden twists, pulls, or muscle strains
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Straining on the toilet because of constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Chronic coughing

Symptoms

  • A small bulge in one or both sides of the groin that may increase in size and disappear when lying down; in males, it can present as a swollen or enlarged scrotum
  • Discomfort or sharp painespecially when straining, lifting, or exercisingthat improves when resting
  • A feeling of weakness or pressure in the groin
  • A burning, gurgling, or aching feeling at the bulge

Homeopathics
Works by removing congestion, increasing muscle strength and muscle elasticity

Arnica (Arn)
Bellis perinnis (Bell-p)
Calcarea fluorica (Calc-f)
Carbo vegetabilis (Carb-v)
Causticum (Caust)
Conium (Con)
Lycopodium (Lyc)
Sepia (Sep)
Sulphuricum acidicum (Sul-ac)

 

 

 

 




6. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS or spastic colon) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the absence of any detectable organic cause. Diarrhea or constipation may predominate, or they may alternate. IBS may begin after an infection (post-infectious, IBS-PI), a stressful life event, or onset of maturity without any other medical indicators.

Etiology

  • Intestinal parasites
  • Dysbiosis & Candida
  • Food sensitivities
  • Acid reflux/ Gastritis/ Pepetic ulcer
  • Vurus or other infection
  • Diarrhoea/ Constipation/ Incontinence
  • Lifestyle
  • Emotional/ Mentals/ Anxiety

Homeopathics

Anacardium (Anac)
Arsenicum alba (Ars-a)
Calcarea phosphoricum (Calc-p)
Carbo vegetabilis (Carb-v)
Carsinosinum (Carc)
Causticum (Caust)
Chamomilla (Cham)
Chelidonium (Chel)
Cina (Cina)
Colocythus (Cloc)
Dysentery Co (bowel nosode)
Gaertner (bowel nosode)
Ignatia (Ig)
Lycopodium (Lyc)
Natrum muriaticum (Nat-m)
Nux vomica (Nux-v)
Opium (Op)
Phosphorus (Phos)
Robina (Rob)
Stannum metallicum (Stann)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What should I do next?
Contact Dr. Peter Darashah and discuss your concerns with him.
Should  treatment be advisable a consultation can be readily arranged either in person or through eConsulta
tion.

Dr. Peter Darashah

Ph.D.,M.Sc (Lond), B.Sc., DIHom (Pract),FBIH, MARH

Nutrition Consultant & Homeopathic Physician

(087) 2621943


Consultations held at :-

The Natural Health Centre, 34 Princes Str., Cork.

   H4H Monograph

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Musculoskeletal Wellness
Musculoskeletal Wellbeing 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypertension
Checking blood pressure for hypertension

Frazzled housewife
Hypertensive housewife

 

Asthma
Asthma prevention (Red)

Asthma
Asthma relief (blue)


 

 

 

Fibroids - CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Fibroids
(click image to enlarge)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiatus hernia - CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Hiatus hernia
(click image to enlarge)

Inguinal hernia - CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Inguinal hernia
(click image to enlarge)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Comparison of normal & spastic colons - CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Comparison of normal & spastic colons
(cick image to enlrge)

The IBS sensation
The IBS sensation

 

 

 

 

 

 


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